Category Archives: Daf Yomi Highlight

Join Tamara’s Talmudic revolution!

My wife, Rabbanit Dr. Tamara Spitz, is simply amazing. I won’t elaborate, except to say, that one of her passions in life is the daily study of the Talmud. This week, together with hundreds of thousands of Jews around the world, she will be completing a cycle (the second one for her) of the Babylonian Talmud. By learning one page (folio really) a day, the Talmud is completed over the course of 7.5 years.
For those who are less familiar, the Talmud is the written foundation of Judaism’s Oral Law, the traditions, laws, customs, beliefs, practices and much that encompasses the heart of Judaism. This Sunday, January 5th, hundreds of thousands of Jews all across the planet, will be starting the next cycle of learning the Talmud together. This effort is known as Daf Yomi (literally, “daily page”) and it is uniting the Jewish people in joint study like few things have. As a frequent traveler, it amazes me that whether I’m in Jerusalem, London, New York, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Atlanta, or anywhere in the world, the Jewish community is always keeping pace with the worldwide schedule and studying the same page of Talmud. We are literally on the same page. Beyond that, there are dozens of online resources, translations (the Steinsaltz English translation, available for free at Sefaria bears notable mention), podcasts, videos, study guides and more. There is no excuse anymore to remain ignorant of the Talmud and its contents.
In that spirit, the prestigious WebYeshiva of Rabbi Brovender asked Tamara if she would be willing to teach a once-a-week live, online interactive review class. Tamara agreed. She will be giving a review of some of the themes that were covered the previous week, some of the Talmudic highlights and will delve into a sample Talmudic discussion from the previous week. This will be an excellent, low impact introduction for people who have not had any exposure to the Talmud before and will likewise be a fantastic review for those who do study a page of the Talmud on a daily basis, but who like me, quickly forget whatever it is we learned.
The class is free. If you miss the live interactive webcast, you can always catch the recording later. So without further ado, please follow the below link and register. You won’t regret it.
Thanks and welcome to the world of Daf Yomi.

DafYomi: Summary of Tmura’s 5th chapter

5th Perek Summary: “Keitzad Maarimin”: An embryo of an animal can be consecrated. A mother and embryo can be consecrated for two different sacrifices. A single “exchanged” animal can receive consecration for two different sacrifices, and when it receives a blemish, it is sold and the proceeds are split for the two sacrifices. What one utters has legal standing, especially in consecration where ones utterance is the only form of acquisition.

DafYomi: Summary of Tmura’s 4th chapter

4th Perek Summary: “Vlad Chatat”: There are 5 Chataot that are killed and one cannot derive any benefit from them:

  1. an embryo of a chatat
  2. an “exchange of a chatat
  3. a chatat whose owner died before it was sacrificed
  4. a chatat whose owner was atoned with a different chatat
  5. a chatat whose year has passed (needs to be a year old)

Similarly, money that was consecrated for a Chatat that had similar situations is destroyed by throwing it into the Salt Sea (Dead Sea).

In cases where the Chatat has some consecration (not fully), it grazes until it receives a blemish, sold and the money is used for a new sacrifice.

DafYomi: Summary of Tmura’s 3rd chapter

3rd Perek Summary: “Elu Kedoshim”: The laws of “exchange” of a sacrifice and of the embryo of a sacrifice are similar, except that an “exchange” does not make a further “exchange,” while an embryo can make another embryo (assuming it’s female).

The “exchanges” (and embryos) of voluntary sacrifices take on the identity of the original sacrifice: shelamim, olah, as well as firstborn and tithe.

The “exchange” of a todah is brought as a todah, but without the attendant breads.

Obligatory sacrifices that are “exchanged” (and the embryos) have a different law. An asham “exchange” is considered as if it had been invalidated is allowed to graze until it receives a blemish and then it is sold and with the proceeds a communal olah is sacrificed. The same procedure is done if someone mistakenly consecrated a female animal for an olah or asham (which only come from males). One brings an olah in place of the olah and a communal olah in place of the asham.

DafYomi: Summary of Tmura’s 2nd chapter

2nd Perek Summary: “Yesh Bekorbanot”: Differences between individual and communal sacrifices: Communal ones cannot be “exchanged”, there is no “responsibility” for them (i.e. to replace it, if the designated one was lost or stolen), they override the Sabbath and Festivals. However, the opinion of R’ Meir was accepted that the real differentiation for these differences is if the sacrifice has a fixed time or not.

The Law of the Sin-sacrifice that is killed, applies to specific blemishes of an individual’s sacrifice.

Consecration does not apply to a blemished animal, nor on a hybrid, a fatally-ill animal, “tumtum,” androgynous and caesarian.

DafYomi: Summary of Tmura’s 1st chapter

1st Perek Summary: “Hakol Memirin”: Any adult can perform an “exchange.” However, just the owner, one individual, with an animal sacrifice (not birds or grains), even if it’s blemished, upon any other animal, male or female, of different valid species. “Exchange” doesn’t work with limbs or fetuses. An “exchange” cannot make another “exchange,” however; there is no limit to the quantity of “exchanges” that can be made to or from.

Daf Tmura 2-4, Fri-Sun 17-19/2/12

Daf 2: A person is prohibited from “exchanging” a consecrated animal (for the Temple) for a non-consecrated one. However, if he does, the second animal also becomes consecrated and the sinner is lashed.

Daf 3: R’ Yehuda in the name of Rav: One is liable for any prohibition of the Torah where one committed an act. If he did not commit an act (speaking is not generally considered an act), he is exempt. R’ Yosi the Gallilean: except for oaths, “exchanging” and cursing.

Daf 4: If one transgressed a prohibition that is connected to a commandment that one performs, he does not receive lashes for it.

Other Daf Yomi Highlights

Daf Erhin 31-33, Mon-Wed 13-15/2/12

Pg 31: The calculation of a year for real-estate purchases is determined by the day and the hour of purchase.

Pg 32: Definition of a “walled city”: at least 3 courtyards of at least 2 houses each surrounded by a wall from the times of Joshua son of Nun.

Pg 33: City design: A Levite city needs to be surrounded by 1000 ‘amot’ (about a foot) of greenery and 1000 ‘amot’ of fields & vineyards.

Other Daf Yomi Highlights