Mishna Yomi Tweets
Available on Twitter @bentzis — started 18 Kislev 5777 (Dec. 18, 2016)
4:12 Man tells son tithe is in one corner and finds it in another, it’s not considered consecrated tithe.
5:2 Fruit of the 4th yr since planting were brought to Jerusalem from a radius of 1-day journey.
5:4 Fruit of the 4th yr since planting or its redemption value consumed in Jerusalem while ritually pure.
5:6 Final deadline for all tithes, agricultural gifts is Passover eve of 4th and 7th yrs of 7 yr sabbatical cycle.
5:7 When no Temple: Bet Shamai: transfer sanctity of tithes to a coin & can eat produce. Bet Hillel: doesn’t help.
5:9 Farmer that is not by his field must name & designate who will receive which tithes & agricultural gifts.
5:12 After tithe deadline & proper disposal make declaration from Deut. 26:13-15. Includes “caused joy with it.”
5:15 In the days of Yochanan the High Priest, the entire populace was careful to tithe their produce.
1:1 Chala=dough set aside for the Kohen. 5 grains obligated: wheat, barley, spelt, oats & rye.
1:2 Any of the 5 grains can be used to fulfill mitzva of Matza on Pesach. If ate leavened merits punishment of Karet.
1:4 Rice, millet, poppies, sesames & legumes are exempt from Chala but are still obligated in tithes.
1:7 Women give flour to baker to make leaven, even if together they are obligated in Chala, but individually not, exempt.
1:8 Dough for dogs that shepherds would eat. still obligated in Chala & blessings before & after eating. Otherwise, not.
2:2 Dough kneaded with fruit juice is obligated in Chala, may be eaten with unwashed hands.
2:4 Batches of dough of a Kav (less than amount obligated in Chala) are obligated if they become attached to each other.
2:6 Amount of dough obligated in Chala is 5/4 of Kav (~1.8 liters). Can include leaven, light & coarse bran.
2:7 Amount of dough that must be separated to fulfill command of Chala is 1/24th of the dough that is being made.
3:1 Can eat incidentally from dough of wheat flour before it is rolled & of barley flour before it is mixed.
3:3 Consecrated dough to Temple, rolled it, then redeemed it by assigning its value to a coin, still obligated in Chala.
3:5 If a non-Jew gave flour to a Jew to make dough for him, the dough is exempt from Chala.
3:7 Dough made of mix of grain & rice: if has taste of grain, obligated in Chala; if doesn’t, exempt from Chala.
3:10 Any amount of untithed produce mixed with tithed produce prohibits whole combination, but only if same type produce.
4:1 Two women made batches of dough. Dough touching & now is amount that liable in Chala; exempt even if of same species.
4:3 Two Kav of dough with 1 kav of rice or teruma (consecrated) dough between them don’t join together to obligate Chala.
4:5 R’ Akiva: 2 batches of dough that were obligated in Chala & had it removed, if batches joined, not obligated again.
4:8 Any ritually-pure Kohen can eat separated Chala. Can be eaten at the same table with a non-Kohen.
4:9 Kohanic gifts: 1st fleece, oil & fruits; 1st-born animals; redemption of 1st-born boys; exchange of 1st-born donkey.
1:1 Orla: Can’t eat from fruit of tree for 3 years after planted. If use tree as fencing, exempt from Orla.
1:3 Tree uprooted with its rock-soil (earth around roots), if the tree could survive, exempt from Orla, otherwise, liable.
1:4 A tree that was uprooted, but one root remained connected to the ground: The tree is still exempt from Orla.
1:7 Leaves, sprouts, sap of vines & vine buds are permitted regarding Orla, Revai (4th yr restrictions) & to a Nazirite.
1:9 R’ Yosi: Can plant shoot from Orla tree, but not nut, because fruit. Can’t graft palm branches (with dates) of Orla.
2:1 Consecrated produce got mixed with non-consecrated produce: mixture prohibited unless non-consecrated is 100x more.
2:4 Fermenting agent, seasoning, or mix of consecrated & permitted; if mixed with consecrated, Orla or vines, prohibited.
2:5 Dostai of Yitma: Tradition from Shamai: All the prohibited combinations only defile if has at least volume of an egg.
2:8 Enough plain leaven fell into dough to ferment, then enough prohibited leaven fell in, all the dough is prohibited.
2:10 Spices of 1 type of 2 or 3 prohibited categories, or 3 types from 1 prohibited category join to prohibit the mixture.
2:11 Consecrated & plain leaven fell into dough, individually not enough to ferment, but together do, not forbidden.
2:13 Vessels oiled with impure oil & then pure oil, or 1st pure oil & then impure oil, status according to last oil used.
2:16 Sacrificial meat or meats prohibited to non-Kohens mixed & cooked with permissible meat, only Kohen can eat mixture.
3:1 Garment that was dyed using peels of the fruit of Orla must be burnt. If mixed with other garments, must burn all.
3:3 Wove thread of wool of 1stborn animal into garment, burn garment. Holy item sanctifies whatever in, even if in a lot.
3:5 Bread baked in oven lit with shells of Orla, have to burn bread. Mixed with other breads, need to burn all of them.
3:6 Bundles of fenugreek from Kilayim (forbidden crossbreeding) of vine, must be burnt. If mixed with others, burn all.
3:9 Questionable Orla: in Israel can’t benefit from it, in Syria can, outside Israel can buy if didn’t see it gathered.
1:1 Bikurim: Farmer gives 1st fruits to Kohen in Temple. Some eligible to say required biblical passage & others can’t.
1:3 Bikurim only brought from 7 species: wheat, barley, grape (wine), fig, pomegranate, olive (oil), dates (honey).
1:5 Trustee, agent, slave, woman, Tumtum (recessed organs), Androginos (both organs): don’t recite passage w/bikurim.
1:7 Designated bikurim produce, then sold field, neither buyer nor seller say biblical passage when bikurim brought.
1:10 Recite Bikurim passage from Shavuot to Sukot for 7 species, including fruit of the mountain, dates of the valley.
1:11 Own 3 trees, bring Bikurim & recite. R’ Meir: even 2 trees. R’ Yehuda: even sharecroppers, renters bring & recite.
2:3 Teruma & Maaser: prohibit what’s at threshing-floor, give specific amount, taken of all produce, post-Temple also.
2:4 Bikurim: assign still on ground, can be whole field, personally bring to Temple, sacrifice, sing, wave & overnight.
2:6 Etrog like other fruits in 3 ways: obligated in Orla, Revai (eat 4th year in Jerusalem) & Shmita (sabbatical year).
2:8 Koi (animal of unclear status): like wild animal in some ways & domestic animal in some ways, like both & neither.
2:10 Koi like domestic animal: Can’t eat helev (fat) but not liable for Karet; can’t buy w/ tithe to eat in Jerusalem.
3:1 To designate Bikurim: go to fig tree, vine, etc., tie string around 1st budding fruits, say: “These are Bikurim.”
3:3 Bikurim: nearby brought dates & grapes. From far, dried figs & raisins. Bull w/gold-plated horns, olive wreath.
3:6 With basket of Bikurim on shoulder in Temple say Deut. 26:3-10. Hold basket by lip, priest holds basket & waves it.
3:7 Originally, whoever knew how to read, recited passage. If didn’t know, read for them. Eventually read for everyone.
3:9 R’ Shimon b Nanas: Can adorn basket of Bikurim with other produce not of 7 species. R’ Akiva: only w/ 7 species.
3:12 Sages: Bikurim are given to the Kohens on the watch & they split it among themselves as sanctified Temple items.
4:1 Androginus (a hermaphrodite) is like a man in some ways, like a woman in some ways, like both and like neither.
4:3 Androginus=women in not prohibited to cut sideburns or beard. Doesn’t have benefits or restrictions of Kohen.
End Seder Zeraim
Start Seder Moed
1:1 2 transfers on Shabat=4 inside & 2 transfers=4 outside. Variations on giving/getting object, who is liable or exempt.
1:2 Don’t start haircut, bath, eating or judging close to Minha time if haven’t prayed yet. But if started, continue.
1:5 Attic of Hanania b Hizkiya b Gurion: sages of Bet Shamai outnumbered Bet Hilel & decreed 18 laws that day.
1:6 Bet Shamai: Can’t steep ink, dye, fodder in water on Friday unless time to dissolve during day. Bet Hillel: It’s ok.
1:9 Bet Shamai: Can’t give laundry to non-Jew on Friday if not enough time to do before Shabbat. Bet Hillel: It’s ok.
1:11 Can’t start to roast meat, onions or eggs on Friday unless there is time for them to get roasted before Shabbat.
2:1 Can’t light Shabat candles with: cedar moss, uncombed flax, raw silk, willow bast, desert fiber or weeds from water.
2:3 Only tree product that can use for Shabat candles is flax. Also only one that contracts impurity if shelters corpse.
2:6 Woman can die in childbirth due to 3 sins: Not careful w/ menstruation laws, separate dough & light Shabat candles.
3:1 Before Shabat can put food on stove if fueled w/ straw or stubble. If heated w/ peat or wood, needs to clear it out.
3:3 Can’t place egg next to hot kettle to cook, crack it on to a hot cloth, nor bury in hot sand or dust so that roasts.
3:5 Can’t put cold water in kettle that was removed from fire. Can put cold water into cup of hot water to cool it down.
3:6 Can’t put vessel under lamp to catch drops of oil, unless placed before Shabat, but can’t benefit from it on Shabat.
4:2 Can insulate warm food on Shabbat with hides & can move them. Can insulate with shorn wool, but can’t move it.
5:3 On Shabat can’t lead camel convoy tied to each other, but can take the reins of each camel in his hand & lead them.
5:4 Animals can’t go on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/accessories: donkey w/cushion, bell, frame, strap; chickens w/cords/strap.
6:2 Can’t go out on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/nail-studded sandals, 1 sandal, tfilin, amulet, armor, helmet or grieves.
6:4 Shabat: can’t go out w/sword, bow, shield or spear. Sages: it is an indignity, says: “Shall beat swords into plows.”
6:6 Women can go out on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/ coin on corn; girls w/ribbons, earpieces; women with veils & mantillas.
6:8 R’ Meir: amputee can go out on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/ prosthesis. R’ Yosi: no. Can go with supports, but not chair.
7:1 Didn’t know about Shabat & did many Melachot, liable only once. Knew about Shabat & Melachot, liable for each one.
7:2 39 Melahot: creative actions for: bread,11; cloth,13; hides,7; writing,2; building,2; fire,2; completing & carrying.
8:1 Liable amounts if carried: goblet of wine, mouthful milk, honey for sore, oil for small limb, water for eye salve.
8:2 Liable amounts if carried: rope for handle, reed for handle, paper for receipt, used paper to cover small flask.
8:4 Liable amounts if carried: glue for twig, pitch or sulfur for hole, clay for crucible, lime for small girl’s finger.
8:6 Liable amounts if carried: bone for spoon, glass to scrape weaver’s shuttle, earth or stone to throw at bird.
9:1 R’ Akiva: Just as carrying a Nida (menstruous woman) imparts Tuma (ritual impurity), so does carrying idols impart.
9:4 On Yom Kipur anointing skin like drinking; from “Let it come into his innards like water & like oil into his bones.”
9:5 Liable amounts if carried: wood to cook egg; spices for egg; shells & peels to dye a cap; urine to cleanse a cap.
10:1 Liable if carry 1 seed for planting, sales sample or medicine; all else liable for carrying prescribed quantity.
10:3 Took out w/ right or left hand, armpit, on shoulder, liable. On backhand, foot, mouth, elbow, ear, hair, not.
10:5 Carries loaf to public domain, liable. 2 carry to public domain, not liable. If needs 2 to carry, both are liable.
10:6 On Shabbat, can’t cut nails, even with hand or teeth, or pluck hair out. Can’t braid hair or paint eyelids.
11:3 Threw object 4 cubits away to wall, if hit above 10 tefah, as if threw into the air; if hit below, as if to ground.
11:5 Ships tied together, can carry from 1 to the other. If not tied together, can’t, even if close to each other.
11:6 Only liable for the Chatat sacrifice (which expiates sin) if beginning & end of the act were done unintentionally.
12:2 On Shabbat, one is liable for the smallest amount of plowing; weeding; cutting; trimming or gathering of branches.
12:4 Wrote 2 letters in 1 shot, w/ ink, earth, resin, paint or anything that leaves a mark, liable. On flesh, liable.
13:1 Sages: weaving of 2 threads on Shabat is liable quantity whether it’s at the beginning or the end of the weaving.
13:3 Tears in rage, mourning or to destroy, exempt (but prohibited). Destroying to build is liable, same as building.
13:4 Amount wool liable if whitening, combing, dying, spinning: 2x m’lo hasit (space from splayed thumb to forefinger).
13:6 Deer enters house, locked it in, liable. If 2 people lock it in, exempt. If need both to lock it in, both liable.
14:1 Traps or wounds any of 8 creeping animals, mentioned in Torah, liable; any others, not, unless for some purpose.
14:3 Can’t consume anything purely medicinal on Shabat, but can consume for healing purposes any normal food or drink.
15:1 Knots that are liable if tie them on Shabbat: camel-driver’s knot & sailor’s knot. Also liable if untie them.
16:1 If there is a fire on Shabat, can save: sacred writings; scroll w/ case; tfilin w/ case, even w/ money in it.
16:3 Can save from fire basket w/ loaves (even for 100 meals), pressed figs, cask of wine. Others save for him & settle.
16:5 R’ Shimon b Nanas: can place goat-skin over chest or closet on fire; stop spread w/ barrier of vessels w/ water.
16:6 If gentile wants to put out fire on Shabat, don’t say “put out” or “don’t put out” – not responsible for his rest.
16:8 If a gentile lit a candle on Shabat, a Jew can benefit from it, unless the gentile lit it purposely for the Jew.
17:2 On Shabbat can use hammer to crack nuts, hatchet to chop dried figs, saw to cut cheese, spade to sweep dried figs.
17:4 R’ Yosi: All utensils can be moved Shabat for their use & not for their use, except large saw & plowshare’s blade.
17:7 R’ Eliezer: can block window w/ shutter if fastened & hanging on window, but not if loose. Sages: fine either way.
17:8 R’ Yosi: lids of cisterns can be moved only if have handles, all other vessels can move lid w/ or w/o handles.
18:2 R’ Yehuda: Woman can pull along her child, but only if he can walk a bit. If drags feet, prohibited to pull him.
19:1 R’ Akiva: Melaha that could have been done before Shabat doesn’t override Shabat if needed (i.e. for a Brit Mila).
19:3 Can bath an infant on Shabat before & after its brit mila. R’ Elazar b Azarya: only on the 3rd day after the brit.
19:5 Don’t circumcise child born at dusk on 8th day if falls on Shabat or Holiday. If will be ill, wait until recovers.
20:1 Sages: Can’t put wine sediment into strainer & suspend it over a vessel on Shabat, but can do so during a festival.
20:3 Can’t sift straw in sieve or put in high place so chaff will blow off. Can put straw in sieve & then put in manger.
20:5 Can release clothing press of individual on Shabat, but not tighten it. If belongs to launderer can’t touch at all.
21:2 If there is a coin on a pillow on Shabat one can shake the pillow so that the coin will fall off.
22:1 R’ Yehuda: Juice that leaks out of fruits meant for eating, permitted; but if from fruit meant for beverages, no.
22:4 Fell into water, walk w/ wet garb w/o worry that drying it. At home, can spread it out in sun, but not in public.
22:5 Bathed in cave, used towel to dry self, can’t carry in hand (lest squeeze water out). Washed face, hands, feet, ok.
23:1 Can borrow jars of wine or oil from friend, but don’t say “lend to me.” Same w/ woman borrowing loaves from friend.
23:3 On Shabat can’t hire or tell other to hire worker. Can’t wait at boundary for Shabat to end to hire or get produce.
23:5 Don’t close eyes of corpse on Shabat, or on weekday if still expiring. Closed eyes of dying person like shed blood.
24:3 Don’t stuff or force feed camel, calves, but can put food in their mouths. Can pour water into bran for chickens.
24:5 Can annul vows & consult sage about vows related to Shabat needs. In some cases can stop up window, measure & tie.
1:1 Mavoy: alleyway of courtyards. If wider than 10 amot, part of public domain. Tsurat Hapetach: 2 columns & crossbar.
1:3 Crossbeam must be wide enough to hold an Ariach (half brick); a Tefach wide so can hold Ariach sideways.
1:6 Lechi (column to form Tsurat Hapetach) must be at least 10 Tefach tall; the width & thickness can be anything.
1:8 Can carry within encircled camp of caravans & animal tack if > 10 Tefach high & gaps < walls. Gaps < 10 Amot.
1:10 Rabbis: Can make Eruv using reeds, but can’t be spaced more than 3 Tefach apart. R’ Yehuda: only true for caravans.
2:1 Pasin: L-shaped quasi-partitions, allow drawing well water in public domain. Makes well & area single domain.
2:4 R’ Yehuda b Baba: Only make Pasin for public cistern, but for all others have to make full partition 10 Tefah high.
2:5 Debate between: R’ Yehuda b Baba, R’ Yehuda, R’ Akiva, R’ Eliezer, R’ Yosi as to size & conditions of area for Eruv.
3:1 All food except water & salt can be: set aside to establish Eruv & bought w/ Maaser Sheni money to eat in Jerusalem.
3:3 Put food for Eruv in tree above 10 Tefah high, doesn’t work; below, ok. Put in pit, even 100 Amot deep, ok.
3:5 Can make conditional Eruv: if hostiles come from east, Eruv will extend to west; if come from west, extends to east.
3:8 R’ Yehuda: can conditionally tithe produce 1st day Rosh Hashana & eat 2nd; egg laid on 1st can eat 2nd. Sages: no.
4:1 Hostiles or fit of insanity take person outside Techum (area beyond can’t walk on Shabat), after, can’t go > 4 Amot.
4:3 If leave the Techum (area permitted to walk) on Shabbat to save lives, allowed to return to their place on Shabbat.
4:4 R’ Meir: Sat on road pre-Shabat, on Shabat realized nearby town, can’t enter. R’ Yehuda: Can enter; R’ Tarfon did.
4:7 Pre-Shabat on road, sees tree & says “I will rest for Shabat at its trunk,” can walk up to 2000 Amot + 2000 Amot.
4:8 Makes place of rest for Shabat where standing, has 2000 Amot in every direction. R’ Hanina: circle. Sages: square.
4:11 R’ Shimon: Went out of Techum even 15 Amot on Shabat, can reenter; Techum not exact over concern for those who err.
5:1 Enlarge “boundary” of city by taking every house, wall, structure that “juts out” & define square area around city.
5:4 Measure Techum w/ rope 50 Amot long, chest height. Measure valley or obstructions as straight lines & continues.
5:5 Measure Techum w/ expert surveyor. Always follow further measure. Rely on slave’s testimony as to limit of Techum.
5:8 Residents of a large town can cross all of a small town within their Techum, but not viceversa.
5:9 If measures Techum of 2000 Amot, only allowed 2000 from place where started, even if measurement ends inside a cave.
6:3 Courtyard resident didn’t join Eruv, he & other residents can’t carry in/out of his home, but can from their homes.
6:5 Courtyard resident partner in wine w/ neighbors, don’t have to make Eruv. R’ Shimon: also if different partnerships.
6:7 Brothers who eat at father’s table but sleep in different homes in same courtyard, each need to participate in Eruv.
6:8 Made Eruv for courtyard, but didn’t make partnership for Mavoy (alley), can carry in courtyard, but not in Mavoy.
7:1 Window between 2 courtyards >4×4 Tefah, <10 Tefah from ground, can use 1 Eruv for 2. If <4×4 Tefah or >10 Tefah, no.
7:2 A wall between 2 courtyards >10 Tefah high & >4 Tefah wide, needs 2 separate Eruvs. If breach >10 Tefah only 1 Eruv.
7:5 If heap of straw >10 Tefah high between 2 courtyards make 2 Eruvs. When heap <10 Tefah, make only 1 Eruv for both.
7:6 Shituf (partnership) in Mavoy (alley that connects courtyards): Place cask of wine and say: Belongs to all in Mavoy.
7:8 How much food need to create Shituf? If many, 2 meals-worth for 1 person. If few, size of dried fig for each person.
7:10 R’ Eliezer: can make Eruv or Shituf w/ any food except water or salt. R’ Yehoshua: only w/ whole loaf of bread.
8:1 Techumin, area where can walk on Shabat, make by placing wine cask & say: For all townsmen, going to mourn or feast.
8:4 Placed food for Eruv in gatehouse, hallway or porch, invalid. In straw warehouse, barn, woodshed or granary, valid.
8:6 Can’t draw water from cistern between 2 courtyards unless there’s a partition 10 Tefah high, above, below or within.
8:7 Stream runs through courtyard, can’t draw water from it on Shabat unless partition 10 Tefah high at entrance & exit.
8:9 Courtyard < 4×4 Amot, can’t pour water on Shabat, unless has sewer that can hold > 2 Seah of water below outlet.
9:1 R’ Meir: all roofs 1 domain to carry in as long as none >10 Tefah height from others. Sages: each roof own domain.
9:2 Large courtyard adjoining small one & breach between them, can carry on Shabat in large one, but not in the small.
9:4 Attic over 2 houses, or bridge open on both ends: R’ Yehuda: can carry underneath them on Shabat. Sages: prohibited.
10:3 Scroll unrolled past threshold, can roll back. Unrolled from roof, debate distance from ground that can roll back.
10:5 Man shouldn’t stand in private domain on Shabat and urinate or spit into public domain, or from public to private.
10:6 Don’t stand in private domain & drink from a public domain or viceversa unless head & most of body where drinking.
10:8 Tree branches form canopy, branches < 3 Tefah from ground, can carry under tree. Roots > 3 Tefah, can’t sit on it.
10:11 A loose bolt fastened to rope, drags on ground, can use to lock doors in Temple, but not any doors beyond Temple.
10:13 Can cut off wart in Temple on Shabat, not in rest of country. If use instrument to cut off, can’t in either place.
10:14 Can strew salt on altar ramp so Kohens won’t slip. Can draw water w/ rolling wheel from Gola & Large cisterns.
1:1 Eve 14 Nisan check Hametz w/ candles. Places where don’t bring Hametz, don’t check. Wine cellar check 2 1st rows.
1:3 Forgot to check Hametz eve of 14, check 14; forgot 14, check during holiday; forgot holiday, check after holiday.
1:5 2 loaves of bread placed on Temple roof. 2 there, could eat Hametz. 1 there, didn’t eat or burn. 0 there, burn.
1:7 While can eat Hametz, can also give to animals, sell to gentiles & benefit from it. Once can’t eat, can’t benefit.
2:2 Hametz that gentile owned during Pesah, can benefit from after; but if Jew owned it during Pesah, can’t benefit.
2:5 Grains for Matza: wheat, barley, spelt, rye, oats. Can also use Demai, 1st & 2nd Maaser, Hekdesh, Chala, Truma.
2:6 Maror: lettuce, wild or garden endives, eryngo or coriander; fresh or dry, but not pickled, boiled or cooked.
2:8 Can’t boil Pesach sacrifice, not w/ drinks or fruit juice. After it’s roasted, can dab or dip sacrifice in them.
3:2 Dough in crevices of kneading-trough: > kzayit (olive-worth), destroy it; < kzayit, nullified due to smallness.
3:5 Dough leavens, must burn. Sages: ate it, liable in Karet. When leavened? when pale like when hair stands on end.
3:7 Off to Korban Pesach, son’s Brit or own betrothal meal, remembers Hametz at home, if can, goes back to destroy it.
4:1 Town where work Pesah eve until noon, work; where don’t, don’t. If go from 1 town to 2nd, keep strictures of both.
4:2 Brought Shmita fruit from place where fruit finished to place where still have or viceversa, has to destroy fruit.
4:4 Custom to light candles for Yom Kipur, light; not, not. Light in shuls, study halls, dark alleys & over the sick.
4:6 Unless start job before 14 Nisan, can’t do job on 14th. Sages: tailors, barbers & launderers can work until noon.
4:9 3 items Sages conceded to Hezekia: dragged evil father’s bones on road, crushed Bronze Snake, hid Book of Healing.
5:2 Pesach sacrifice slaughtered, blood collected, or sprinkled on altar; if any part w/o proper intent, disqualified.
5:3 Slaughtered Pesah sacrifice just for non-eaters, non-designated, uncircumcised or impure, sacrifice disqualified.
5:5 Pesah sacrifice slaughtered by 3 groups. People filled Temple yard, closed doors. Used beakers of gold & silver.
5:7 1st group left Temple courtyard, 2nd enters, 2nd left, 3rd enters. Repeat rituals each time. Say Hallel & repeat.
5:9 Sacrifice suspended & flayed w/ iron hooks on walls & pillars. If no room, used sticks held between 2 people.
6:1 Override Shabat: Korban Pesah slaughter, sprinkle blood, press entrails, burn Helev; can’t: roast; wash entrails.
6:3 Bring Hagiga sacrifice on Pesah on weekday, in purity, when Pesah sacrifice not enough for group. If not true, no.
6:5 Pesah sacrifice on Shabat w/o proper intent, liable for Chatat offering. Brought unfit Pesah sacrifice, liable.
7:2 Don’t roast Pesah on metal spit or gridiron. If roast touched oven ceramic, peel off part of meat that touched.
7:4 Can sacrifice if person impure, but not eat: Omer, 2 loaves (Shavuot), Showbread, Shalme Zibur, Rosh Hodesh goats.
7:6 All or most people or Kohens impure, bring Pesah sacrifice @ right time. Otherwise pure on time, impure 2nd Pesah.
7:8 All/most of Pesah offering impure, burn before Temple w/ altar wood. Minority of sacrifice impure, burn privately.
7:10 Must burn bones, nerves & leftovers of Pesah sacrifice on Nisan 16th. If 16th falls on Shabat burn on the 17th.
7:11 What can eat of ox can eat of kid including shoulders & cartilage. Broke bone of Pesah sacrifice, get 40 lashes.
8:1 Wife eats husband’s Pesah sacrifice. 1st holiday w/ parents, chooses whose eats. Slaves don’t eat Pesah sacrifice.
8:3 Can designate a lot of people to be part of a Pesah sacrifice as long as each person can eat > Kzayit of meat.
8:4 Person designated others to also eat of his Pesah portion, members of group can tell him: take you’re share & go.
8:6 For people who may not eat their portion of Pesah, can still sacrifice with them in mind, but not exclusively.
9:1 Ritually impure or far from Jerusalem & didn’t do 1st Pesah, does on 2nd Pesah. Erred or prevented, does on 2nd.
9:3 1st Pesah: No Hametz, recite Halel when eat. Not 2nd Pesah. Both Pesahs: roast, eat w/ Matza/Maror, do on Shabat.
9:5 Egypt Pesah different from later: buy on Nisan 10, sprinkle blood on lintel & doorposts w/ hyssop, eaten quickly.
9:7 Designated female animal or 2 yr old animal for Pesah, leave it until gets blemish, sell, $ for burnt offerings.
9:9 Group lost Pesah, told 1 to get & slaughter new one, they got & slaughtered other, if he was first they eat his.
9:10 2 groups’ Pesah mixed, each 1 takes person from other: if this is ours, opt out of yours & join us; or viceversa.
10:1 Pesah eve pre-Minha don’t eat ’til dark. Even poor don’t eat ’til recline, no <4 cups of wine, even charity case.
10:4 Pour cup 2. Son asks Mah Nishatana, why this night different from all others? Hametz/Matza, veggies/Maror, etc.
10:5 Whoever didn’t say these 3 things on Pesah didn’t fulfill their obligation: “Pesah, Matza and Maror.”
10:7 Pour cup 3, bless meal, Birkat Hamazon. Cup 4, complete Halel & blessing of Song. Don’t drink more from cup 3-4.
1:1 Adar 1 announce that collect Shkalim, prohibit Kilayim. Adar 15 read Esther in cities. Fix roads, public works.
1:2 Officers uprooted Kilayim found in fields. More sinners, uprooted & threw on road. At end made fields ownerless.
1:4 R’ Yehuda: Kohen gives 1/2 Shekel not sin. R’ Yohanan b Zakai: Kohen doesn’t give 1/2 Shekel, sin; interpret wrong.
1:7 Surcharge when buy 1/2 Shekel coin, “Kalbon.” If pay for poor or neighbor, exempt. R’ Meir=1/12 Shekel. Sages=1/24.
2:2 Sent 1/2 Shekel with friend to donate, friend donated on own behalf, when consecrated, friend did sin of Meilah.
2:3 Gathering coins & said “these are for my Shekel,” Bet Shamai: any extra goes to free-will offering. Bet Hillel: No.
2:5 Excess of funds raised for a certain purpose must be used for that type of purpose. Funds for poor, go to poor.
3:2 Must be free of blame in front of people as well as God. “Find favor & good understanding in eyes of God & man”
4:1 Money to Temple funds used to buy daily, holiday, communal sacrifices & libations, Omer, 2 loaves, Showbread.
4:2 Red heifer, scapegoat, their ramps, red wool strips, water channel, city walls, towers, needs, from remainder of $.
4:4 Opinion of use of surplus $: gold sheets for Holy of Holies, offerings so Altar not idle, new service utensils.
4:7 Debate: animals consecrated to Temple, if can use animal itself as sacrifice or sell & use funds to buy sacrifice.
4:8 Consecrated items fit for altar, wine, oil, birds to Temple, R’ Eliezer says, sell & use money for burnt-offerings.
5:1 Temple bosses: seal, libation, lot, bird-offering, stomach ill, pit, announcement, gate, wick, cymbal, song, etc.
5:4 Need libations, go to Yohanan, buy token, give token to Ahyah, get libations. End of day Ahyah got $ for tokens.
5:6 Secret donations chamber of Temple: $ donated secretly, poor descendants of rich supported by it secretly.
6:2 Story: Kohen saw Temple floor uneven, about to tell friend but suddenly died. Understood Ark must be hidden there.
6:3 Temple: S gates: Upper, Fuel, 1st born animals, Water. N gates: Yehonia, Offering, Women’s, Music. E gate: Nikanor.
6:5 13 collections boxes: New 1/2 shekel, Old 1/2 shekel, Nests, Young birds, Wood, Frankincense, Gold; 6 Nedava.
7:2 $ found in front of animal dealers, Maaser Sheni; on Temple Mount, Chulin; in Jerusalem: Chulin, except Festivals.
7:3 Found meat in Jerusalem, wait until ruined & burn, as likely was sacrifice. On 3 festivals, lots of meat, can eat.
7:5 Found animal, bring as sacrifice & accompanying wine libations come from community funds, otherwise wouldn’t bring.
8:1 Jerusalem: saliva in middle of road ritually impure, side of road, pure; during festivals middle pure, side impure.
8:2 Utensils found in Jerusalem, considered ritually pure, except basket, shovel & crusher – reserved for cemeteries.
8:5 Parohet: Tefah thick, woven w/ 72 threads of 24 filaments. 40 cubits length x 20 cubits height. 820,000 filaments.
8:7 Debate as to level of impure meat & location around Temple burned. R’ Akiva: burn at place where it becomes impure.
1:1 7 days before Yom Kipur, Kohen Gadol leaves home, lives in Temple’s Palhedrin Chamber. Another Kohen ready on standby.
1:3 High Court Elders read to Kohen Gadol Yom Kipur service & say, memorize it. Maybe you forgot or never learned it.
1:4 7 days, didn’t prevent Kohen Gadol to eat & drink. Yom Kipur eve, didn’t get a lot of food, so wouldn’t cause sleep.
1:6 If Kohen Gadol sage, expounds Yom Kipur night, if not, sages expound to him. Can read or read to. Read Daniel to many.
1:8 Remove altar ashes around dawn. Yom Kipur, midnight. Festivals, 1st watch. Festivals, Israel filled courtyard by dawn.
2:2 Kohens ran up altar ramp to see who got merit of clearing ashes. 1 pushed other, fell, broke leg. Instituted lottery.
2:4 3rd daily lottery: bring incense, from Kohens who never did so. 4th lottery: carry sacrifice limbs from ramp to altar.
2:7 24 Kohens to sacrifice bull: head; 2 leg; 2 tail; 2 leg; chest; 3 throat; 2 legs; 2 sides; 3x innards, flour, wine.
3:1 Check if time for sacrifice & say “Morning star!” Matitia says asked: Is whole east light until Hebron? Answered: Yes!
3:3 Can’t enter Temple, even ritually pure, until immersed. Kohen Gadol immersed 5x & washed hands/feet 10x on Yom Kipur.
3:5 If Kohen Gadol was old or squeamish, water was heated & poured into the ritual bath to take edge off cold for him.
3:8 Kohen Gadol lays hands on bull, confesses, asks forgiveness for self. People heard Name of God, answered Baruh Shem…
3:10 Laver’s 12 spigots & cover system. Golden utensil handles, candelabrum & Sota’s tablet. Miracles of Nikanor gates.
3:11 Wouldn’t share their know-how: Garmu/showbread; Avtinas/incense; Hugros b Levi/chapter of song; Ben Kamtzar/writing.
4:2 Red thread on head of goat to be sent & on neck of goat to be sacrificed. Hands on bull, confessed for self & Kohens.
4:4 Other days removed coals w/ silver coal pan into gold one. On Yom Kipur removed w/ gold pan & brought it into Heichal.
5:1 Entered Holy of Holies w/ ladle of incense, coal-pan, put between Ark poles, put incense on coals, smoke filled house.
5:2 After Ark taken, placed coal-pan on Shtiyah stone (there from days of 1st prophets), which was 3 fingers above ground.
5:4 Slaughtered goat, gathered blood in bowl, reentered & stood in same place & sprinkled up once & down 7x, like a whip.
5:6 Sprinkled altar body 7x. Poured rest @ outer altar W base. Of outer altar poured @ S base. All flows to Nahal Kidron.
6:1 2 Yom Kipur sacrificial goats should have same appearance, height, value & be bought at same time. If not, still ok.
6:4 Ramp built to walk Azazel goat out. Top Jerusalemites accompanied until 1st booth. 10 booths total until Tzuk, cliff.
6:6 At cliff, tied red string to rock & between goat’s horns. Pushed goat over. Before reached 1/2 way down, in pieces.
6:8 Told Kohen Gadol, goat got to desert. Red string tied to door of Heihal. When goat got to desert, string turned white.
7:1 Kohen Gadol read Torah portions: “After the death,” & “On the 10th.” Would end & say “More here than what I’ve read.”
7:4 After Kohen Gadol completed all services of Yom Kipur, made feast for loved ones ‘cuz exited Holy of Holies in peace.
8:1 On Yom Kipur it’s forbidden to eat, drink, wash, anoint, wear leather shoes or have intimate relations.
8:3 Ate & drank on single occasion of obliviousness, only liable for one sin-offering. Ate & did work, liable for 2.
8:4 Don’t force kids to fast on Yom Kipur. Start to train them 1 or 2 years before come of age (Bar/Bat-Mitzvah) to fast.
8:7 Debris fell, don’t know if person under, if dead or alive, if Jew or non-Jew, remove debris on Shabat & extricate.
8:8 Sacrifices atone. Death & YK atone w/ repentance. Repentance atones minor sins; gives respite for major sins until YK.
1:1 Suka that is greater than 20 amot tall, less than 10 tefah high, less than 3 walls or more sun than shade, invalid.
1:4 Attached vines, ivy as Sehach (Suka roof), invalid. Sehach>attached plants, valid. Impure or not from ground, invalid.
1:5 Bundles of straw, wood, shoots, invalid Sehach. If untied from their bundles, valid. All are valid as Suka walls.
1:8 Covered Sehach w/ spits or bed slats, if space between them wide as they are, valid. Dug Suka from haystack, invalid.
1:10 If roof of home was breached & placed Sehach on it; if there’s 4 Amot (or more) between wall & Sehach, invalid.
2:1 Slept under bed in Suka, didn’t fulfill obligation. R’ Gamliel’s slave Tavi, slept under bed, knew slaves exempt.
2:3 Built Suka on wagon or ship, valid; on tree or camel, valid, but can’t use on festival. Tree walls ok, if stands w/o.
2:4 On road to Mitzva, exempt from Suka. Sick & attendant exempt from Suka. Can eat or drink incidentally outside of Suka.
2:6 R’ Eliezer: Need to eat 14 meals in Suka, 1 every day & every night. Sages: Only meal obligation is on 1st night.
2:9 All 7 days make Suka permanent dwelling & house temporary dwelling. If rains, when allowed to leave? When food ruined.
3:1 Lulav (palm branch) stolen, dry, of idols, of condemned city, tip cut, leaves missing; invalid. Leaves separate, ok.
3:4 Mitzva of 4 species: 3 Hadasim (myrtle branches), 2 Aravot (willow branches), 1 Lulav (palm branch), 1 Etrog (citron).
3:5 Etrog (citron) invalid if was stolen, dry, of idolatry, condemned city, 1st 3 yrs of planting (Orlah), impure Teruma.
3:7 Smallest Etrog: R’ Meir: size of walnut; R’ Yehuda: size of egg. Largest: can hold 2 in 1 hand; R’ Yosi: 1 in 2 hands.
3:9 Shake Lulav in Hallel @ Hodu & Anah H Hoshia Na. Was on road, shake Lulav when get home. Missed morning, do afternoon.
3:11 Where custom to repeat verses of Hallel, repeat; where not, don’t; where bless at end, bless. Follow local customs.
3:13 On 1st day of festival, can’t fulfill Lulav obligation with other person’s Lulav; rest of festival, can fulfill.
3:15 R’ Yehuda: On Shabat, can return Lulav to water; on festival, can add water to it; on Chol Hamoed, can change water.
4:2 In Temple, Lulav shaken 7 days of festival if 1st day was Shabat; otherwise shaken 6 days of festival & not on Shabat.
4:5 Arava Mitzva: place willows on sides of altar, tips lean over. Blew Tkiya/Truah/Tkiya. Circle altar 1/day; day 7, 7x.
4:7 After the ritual of the Day of Beating of the Branches, children would steal the men’s Lulavs and eat their Etrogs.
4:8 Say Hallel & do Simcha 8 days of festival. Dwell in Suka 7 days; after last meal clear utensils, but don’t undo Suka.
5:1 Flute played 5/6 days in Temple at water drawing; doesn’t override Shabat/Holiday. Water drawing greatest rejoicing.
5:2 After day 1 of Festival, water drawing rejoicing, 4 gold candelabras x4 ladders, x4 youth w/ jars of oil of 120 log.
5:4 Pious & men of deeds danced w/ torches, sang, praised. Levites played lutes, harps, cymbals, trumpets, +, on 15 steps.
5:6 Day 1: 13 bulls, 2 rams, 1 goat, 14 sheep; 6 shifts brought 2 sheep each, 2 shifts/1 each. Each day adjusted rotation.
1:1 If an egg was hatched during a festival: Bet Shamai: can eat it on the festival. Bet Hillel: can’t eat it.
1:2 Slaughtered non-domesticated animal or poultry on festival: Bet Shamai: can dig w/ spade & cover blood w/ dirt.
1:5 Bet Shamai: can’t remove shutters on festival. Bet Hilel: can even return ’em. B’ Shamai: can’t chop meat w/ pestle.
1:7 Bet Shamai: Can ground spices w/ wooden pestle; salt in small vessel, wooden spoon. Bet Hillel: Can do normal way.
1:8 Sorting legumes on festival: Bet Shamai: can sort if eat right away. Bet Hillel: can sort normally, but not w/ tool.
2:1 Festival on Shabat eve, can’t cook on it for Shabat, but can use leftovers. Eruv Tavshilin: can cook for Shabat.
2:2 Festival after Shabat, need to immerse: Bet Shamai: only before Shabat. Bet Hilel: utensils b4, people ok on Shabat.
2:5 Bet Shamai: Can’t heat water to wash feet, unless fit for drinking. Bet Hillel: ok; can even make fire to warm self.
2:6 R’ Gamliel: Dad’s house didn’t bake course bread, only thin. Was told, your father’s house was stringent on selves.
2:9 Pepper mill can be impure for being 3 different types of vessel: containing vessel, metal vessel and sifting vessel.
3:1 Can’t hunt fish from pond on festival. Animal that still needs hunting can’t on festival; doesn’t need hunting, ok.
3:2 Traps for wild animals, poultry or fish laid before festival: don’t take animal unless know caught before festival.
3:5 Animal died on festival, can’t move it until after. R’ Tarfon asked about it & about impure Chalah, told can’t move.
3:7 Can’t sharpen knife on festival, but can draw 1 across other to sharpen it. Can’t tell butcher: weigh dinar of meat.
4:1 Bringing wine jars from 1 place to other on festival: not in basket or large vessel; can on shoulders or in front.
4:3 Can’t chop wood on festival, from a beam, or 1 that broke on festival. Not w/ ax, saw or sickle. Ok only w/ hatchet.
4:4 Can’t make hole in clay to make candle-holder, making a vessel on festival. Can’t make charcoal or cut wick in 2.
4:6 R’ Eliezer: can use wooden chip in front of him to pick teeth; can rake twigs from courtyard to light fire.
5:2 Shvut (rabbinic restrictions), can’t on Shabat or festival: climb tree, ride animal, swim, clap, slap thighs, dance.
5:3 Animal or vessels can’t be moved more than what owner can move on Shabat (Techum, area that can travel on Shabat).
5:5 A live coal can’t be moved more than what owner can move on Shabat, but a flame may be taken anywhere.
1:1 New years: 1Nisan, kings +; 1Elul, animal tithe (or 1Tishrei); 1Tishrei, years +; 1Shvat, trees (or 15Shvat).
1:2 World judged 4x/yr: Pesach, crops; Shavuot, fruits; Rosh Hashana, all world passes before Him; Sukot, water.
1:5 Whether new moon was clearly visible or not, witnesses could desecrate Shabat to travel & testify to Sanhedrin.
1:6 40 witness pairs traveled on Shabat for new moon testimony, R’ Akiva stopped them, R’ Gamliel reprimanded him.
1:8 Unfit witness: gambler; lender w/ interest; sells Sabbatical year produce; slave. Same restrictions as woman.
2:1 At 1st, court accepted stranger’s testimony. When heretics bribed witnesses, only accepted known witnesses.
2:3 Mountain signal relay: lit fire, wave to, fro, up, down until sentry on next mountain did same; then next.
2:5 Jerusalem large yard for witnesses + meals to encourage them to come. On Shabat they can travel +2000 amot.
2:8 R’ Gamliel had moon drawings for asking witnesses what they saw. Discussion of unusual moon sightings & if ok.
2:9 R’ Gamliel forced R’ Yehoshua to violate day R’ Yehoshua calculated was Yom Kipur to demonstrate his authority.
3:2 All Shofars fit to be blown on Rosh Hashana except cow’s; called horn, not Shofar. R’ Yosi: but Shofars=horns?
3:4 Fast day: bent ram’s Shofar, silver-coated mouth, 2 trumpets in middle, short Shofar blast, long trumpet-blast.
3:7 Blew Shofar into cistern, cellar, barrel: heard Shofar, ok; heard echo, not. Heard outside, had intention, ok.
3:8 When Moshe raised his hands in Amalek battle, Israel won; because Israel looked up & subjugated hearts to God.
4:3 At 1st Lulav was held/waved in Temple 7 Sukot days; in rest of country 1 day. Post-destruction, 7 in country.
4:5 R’ Akiva, Musaf: Avot, Gvurot, Kedusha, Malhuyot w/ Kedushat Hayom, Zihronot, Shofarot, Avoda, Hodaa, Kohanim.
4:7 On Rosh Hashana, 1st Chazan (for Shaharit) leads reading of Hallel, 2nd Chazan (Musaf) leads blowing of Shofar.
4:9 Shofar sounds order: 3 sets of 3 blows x3. Tekiah (long uninterrupted blow)=time of 3 Teruah=time of 9 Yevavot.
1:2 Say in Amida God brings rain (Mashiv Haruah Umorid Hagashem) from Shmini Atzeret Musaf until Pesah day 1 Shaharit.
1:3 Pray for rain from 3 Marheshvan. R’ Gamliel: from 7 Marheshvan, 15 days after Sukot, so last Jew reaches Euphrates.
1:5 No rain by Rosh Hodesh Kislev, court decrees 3 public fasts. Can eat, drink night before. On fast can work, bathe +.
1:7 All fasts passed, no rain, lessen biz, building, planting, weddings, greetings. Nissan passed, no rain, curse.
2:3 In addition to regular 18, 6 extra blessings were said on fast: Zichronot; Shofarot; Psalms 120; 121; 130; 102.
2:4 At fast prayer blessings recalled: Abraham, ancestors at Red Sea, Joshua, Samuel, Elijah, Jonah, David and Solomon.
2:7 Kohens on weekly Temple duty can drink wine at night, unless officiating. No shaving or laundry except Thursdays.
2:9 Don’t declare fasts to start on Thursdays, so market prices won’t escalate. 1st 3 fasts: Monday, Thursday, Monday.
2:10 We don’t declare public fasts on Rosh Hodesh, Hanuka or Purim. However, if started fasts before then, don’t stop.
3:3 Rainfall on 1 city but not 2nd, 2nd fasts, sound alarm; adjacent cities fast, no alarm. R’ Akiva: alarm, no fast.
3:5 Sound alarm on plagues of: corn-blast, mildew, locust, caterpillars, wild animals, armed men. It’s a spreading evil.
3:7 Sound alarm on Shabat for: city surrounded by enemies, flood about to inundate town, potential shipwreck.
3:8 Choni Hameagel drew circle, prayed to God: “I’m not leaving circle until it rains.” Was demanding until rained well.
4:2 Maamadot: 1st prophets established 24 orders: Kohens, Levis @ Temple; Israelis @ city synagogues read of Creation.
4:3 Maamadot men fasted 4x/week, Mon-Thu; not Friday, honor Shabat; not Sunday, mortal danger going from feast to fast.
4:6 17Tamuz: broke Tablets; end Tamid; Jrslm breach; Torah burnt; Temple idol. 9Av: Spies; end 2 Temples; Beitar; Jrslm.