Mishna Yomi

Mishna Yomi Tweets

Available on Twitter @bentzis — started 18 Kislev 5777 (Dec. 18, 2016)

#MaaserSheni 
4:12 Man tells son tithe is in one corner and finds it in another, it’s not considered consecrated tithe.
5:2 Fruit of the 4th yr since planting were brought to Jerusalem from a radius of 1-day journey.
5:4 Fruit of the 4th yr since planting or its redemption value consumed in Jerusalem while ritually pure.
5:6 Final deadline for all tithes, agricultural gifts is Passover eve of 4th and 7th yrs of 7 yr sabbatical cycle.
5:7 When no Temple: Bet Shamai: transfer sanctity of tithes to a coin & can eat produce. Bet Hillel: doesn’t help.
5:9 Farmer that is not by his field must name & designate who will receive which tithes & agricultural gifts.
5:12 After tithe deadline & proper disposal make declaration from Deut. 26:13-15. Includes “caused joy with it.”
5:15 In the days of Yochanan the High Priest, the entire populace was careful to tithe their produce. 
#Chala 
1:1 Chala=dough set aside for the Kohen. 5 grains obligated: wheat, barley, spelt, oats & rye.
1:2 Any of the 5 grains can be used to fulfill mitzva of Matza on Pesach. If ate leavened merits punishment of Karet.
1:4 Rice, millet, poppies, sesames & legumes are exempt from Chala but are still obligated in tithes.
1:7 Women give flour to baker to make leaven, even if together they are obligated in Chala, but individually not, exempt.
1:8 Dough for dogs that shepherds would eat. still obligated in Chala & blessings before & after eating. Otherwise, not.
2:2 Dough kneaded with fruit juice is obligated in Chala, may be eaten with unwashed hands.
2:4 Batches of dough of a Kav (less than amount obligated in Chala) are obligated if they become attached to each other.
2:6 Amount of dough obligated in Chala is 5/4 of Kav (~1.8 liters). Can include leaven, light & coarse bran.
2:7 Amount of dough that must be separated to fulfill command of Chala is 1/24th of the dough that is being made.
3:1 Can eat incidentally from dough of wheat flour before it is rolled & of barley flour before it is mixed.
3:3 Consecrated dough to Temple, rolled it, then redeemed it by assigning its value to a coin, still obligated in Chala.
3:5 If a non-Jew gave flour to a Jew to make dough for him, the dough is exempt from Chala.
3:7 Dough made of mix of grain & rice: if has taste of grain, obligated in Chala; if doesn’t, exempt from Chala.
3:10 Any amount of untithed produce mixed with tithed produce prohibits whole combination, but only if same type produce.
4:1 Two women made batches of dough. Dough touching & now is amount that liable in Chala; exempt even if of same species.
4:3 Two Kav of dough with 1 kav of rice or teruma (consecrated) dough between them don’t join together to obligate Chala.
4:5 R’ Akiva: 2 batches of dough that were obligated in Chala & had it removed, if batches joined, not obligated again.
4:8 Any ritually-pure Kohen can eat separated Chala. Can be eaten at the same table with a non-Kohen.
4:9 Kohanic gifts: 1st fleece, oil & fruits; 1st-born animals; redemption of 1st-born boys; exchange of 1st-born donkey.
#Orla
1:1 Orla: Can’t eat from fruit of tree for 3 years after planted. If use tree as fencing, exempt from Orla.
1:3 Tree uprooted with its rock-soil (earth around roots), if the tree could survive, exempt from Orla, otherwise, liable.
1:4 A tree that was uprooted, but one root remained connected to the ground: The tree is still exempt from Orla.
1:7 Leaves, sprouts, sap of vines & vine buds are permitted regarding Orla, Revai (4th yr restrictions) & to a Nazirite.
1:9 R’ Yosi: Can plant shoot from Orla tree, but not nut, because fruit. Can’t graft palm branches (with dates) of Orla.
2:1 Consecrated produce got mixed with non-consecrated produce: mixture prohibited unless non-consecrated is 100x more.
2:4 Fermenting agent, seasoning, or mix of consecrated & permitted; if mixed with consecrated, Orla or vines, prohibited.
2:5 Dostai of Yitma: Tradition from Shamai: All the prohibited combinations only defile if has at least volume of an egg.
2:8 Enough plain leaven fell into dough to ferment, then enough prohibited leaven fell in, all the dough is prohibited.
2:10 Spices of 1 type of 2 or 3 prohibited categories, or 3 types from 1 prohibited category join to prohibit the mixture.
2:11 Consecrated & plain leaven fell into dough, individually not enough to ferment, but together do, not forbidden.
2:13 Vessels oiled with impure oil & then pure oil, or 1st pure oil & then impure oil, status according to last oil used.
2:16 Sacrificial meat or meats prohibited to non-Kohens mixed & cooked with permissible meat, only Kohen can eat mixture.
3:1 Garment that was dyed using peels of the fruit of Orla must be burnt. If mixed with other garments, must burn all.
3:3 Wove thread of wool of 1stborn animal into garment, burn garment. Holy item sanctifies whatever in, even if in a lot.
3:5 Bread baked in oven lit with shells of Orla, have to burn bread. Mixed with other breads, need to burn all of them.
3:6 Bundles of fenugreek from Kilayim (forbidden crossbreeding) of vine, must be burnt. If mixed with others, burn all.
3:9 Questionable Orla: in Israel can’t benefit from it, in Syria can, outside Israel can buy if didn’t see it gathered.
#Bikurim
1:1 Bikurim: Farmer gives 1st fruits to Kohen in Temple. Some eligible to say required biblical passage & others can’t.
1:3 Bikurim only brought from 7 species: wheat, barley, grape (wine), fig, pomegranate, olive (oil), dates (honey).
1:5 Trustee, agent, slave, woman, Tumtum (recessed organs), Androginos (both organs): don’t recite passage w/bikurim.
1:7 Designated bikurim produce, then sold field, neither buyer nor seller say biblical passage when bikurim brought.
1:10 Recite Bikurim passage from Shavuot to Sukot for 7 species, including fruit of the mountain, dates of the valley.
1:11 Own 3 trees, bring Bikurim & recite. R’ Meir: even 2 trees. R’ Yehuda: even sharecroppers, renters bring & recite.
2:3 Teruma & Maaser: prohibit what’s at threshing-floor, give specific amount, taken of all produce, post-Temple also.
2:4 Bikurim: assign still on ground, can be whole field, personally bring to Temple, sacrifice, sing, wave & overnight.
2:6 Etrog like other fruits in 3 ways: obligated in Orla, Revai (eat 4th year in Jerusalem) & Shmita (sabbatical year).
2:8 Koi (animal of unclear status): like wild animal in some ways & domestic animal in some ways, like both & neither.
2:10 Koi like domestic animal: Can’t eat helev (fat) but not liable for Karet; can’t buy w/ tithe to eat in Jerusalem.
3:1 To designate Bikurim: go to fig tree, vine, etc., tie string around 1st budding fruits, say: “These are Bikurim.”
3:3 Bikurim: nearby brought dates & grapes. From far, dried figs & raisins. Bull w/gold-plated horns, olive wreath.
3:6 With basket of Bikurim on shoulder in Temple say Deut. 26:3-10. Hold basket by lip, priest holds basket & waves it.
3:7 Originally, whoever knew how to read, recited passage. If didn’t know, read for them. Eventually read for everyone.
3:9 R’ Shimon b Nanas: Can adorn basket of Bikurim with other produce not of 7 species. R’ Akiva: only w/ 7 species.
3:12 Sages: Bikurim are given to the Kohens on the watch & they split it among themselves as sanctified Temple items.
4:1 Androginus (a hermaphrodite) is like a man in some ways, like a woman in some ways, like both and like neither.
4:3 Androginus=women in not prohibited to cut sideburns or beard. Doesn’t have benefits or restrictions of Kohen.
End Seder Zeraim
Start Seder Moed
#Shabat
1:1 2 transfers on Shabat=4 inside & 2 transfers=4 outside. Variations on giving/getting object, who is liable or exempt.
1:2 Don’t start haircut, bath, eating or judging close to Minha time if haven’t prayed yet. But if started, continue.
1:5 Attic of Hanania b Hizkiya b Gurion: sages of Bet Shamai outnumbered Bet Hilel & decreed 18 laws that day.
1:6 Bet Shamai: Can’t steep ink, dye, fodder in water on Friday unless time to dissolve during day. Bet Hillel: It’s ok.
1:9 Bet Shamai: Can’t give laundry to non-Jew on Friday if not enough time to do before Shabbat. Bet Hillel: It’s ok.
1:11 Can’t start to roast meat, onions or eggs on Friday unless there is time for them to get roasted before Shabbat.
2:1 Can’t light Shabat candles with: cedar moss, uncombed flax, raw silk, willow bast, desert fiber or weeds from water.
2:3 Only tree product that can use for Shabat candles is flax. Also only one that contracts impurity if shelters corpse.
2:6 Woman can die in childbirth due to 3 sins: Not careful w/ menstruation laws, separate dough & light Shabat candles.
3:1 Before Shabat can put food on stove if fueled w/ straw or stubble. If heated w/ peat or wood, needs to clear it out.
3:3 Can’t place egg next to hot kettle to cook, crack it on to a hot cloth, nor bury in hot sand or dust so that roasts.
3:5 Can’t put cold water in kettle that was removed from fire. Can put cold water into cup of hot water to cool it down.
3:6 Can’t put vessel under lamp to catch drops of oil, unless placed before Shabat, but can’t benefit from it on Shabat.
4:2 Can insulate warm food on Shabbat with hides & can move them. Can insulate with shorn wool, but can’t move it.
5:3 On Shabat can’t lead camel convoy tied to each other, but can take the reins of each camel in his hand & lead them.
5:4 Animals can’t go on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/accessories: donkey w/cushion, bell, frame, strap; chickens w/cords/strap.
6:2 Can’t go out on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/nail-studded sandals, 1 sandal, tfilin, amulet, armor, helmet or grieves.
6:4 Shabat: can’t go out w/sword, bow, shield or spear. Sages: it is an indignity, says: “Shall beat swords into plows.”
6:6 Women can go out on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/ coin on corn; girls w/ribbons, earpieces; women with veils & mantillas.
6:8 R’ Meir: amputee can go out on Shabat (if no Eruv) w/ prosthesis. R’ Yosi: no. Can go with supports, but not chair.
7:1 Didn’t know about Shabat & did many Melachot, liable only once. Knew about Shabat & Melachot, liable for each one.
7:2 39 Melahot: creative actions for: bread,11; cloth,13; hides,7; writing,2; building,2; fire,2; completing & carrying.
8:1 Liable amounts if carried: goblet of wine, mouthful milk, honey for sore, oil for small limb, water for eye salve.
8:2 Liable amounts if carried: rope for handle, reed for handle, paper for receipt, used paper to cover small flask.
8:4 Liable amounts if carried: glue for twig, pitch or sulfur for hole, clay for crucible, lime for small girl’s finger.
8:6 Liable amounts if carried: bone for spoon, glass to scrape weaver’s shuttle, earth or stone to throw at bird.
9:1 R’ Akiva: Just as carrying a Nida (menstruous woman) imparts Tuma (ritual impurity), so does carrying idols impart.
9:4 On Yom Kipur anointing skin like drinking; from “Let it come into his innards like water & like oil into his bones.”
9:5 Liable amounts if carried: wood to cook egg; spices for egg; shells & peels to dye a cap; urine to cleanse a cap.
10:1 Liable if carry 1 seed for planting, sales sample or medicine; all else liable for carrying prescribed quantity.
10:3 Took out w/ right or left hand, armpit, on shoulder, liable. On backhand, foot, mouth, elbow, ear, hair, not.
10:5 Carries loaf to public domain, liable. 2 carry to public domain, not liable. If needs 2 to carry, both are liable.
10:6 On Shabbat, can’t cut nails, even with hand or teeth, or pluck hair out. Can’t braid hair or paint eyelids.
11:3 Threw object 4 cubits away to wall, if hit above 10 tefah, as if threw into the air; if hit below, as if to ground.
11:5 Ships tied together, can carry from 1 to the other. If not tied together, can’t, even if close to each other.
11:6 Only liable for the Chatat sacrifice (which expiates sin) if beginning & end of the act were done unintentionally.
12:2 On Shabbat, one is liable for the smallest amount of plowing; weeding; cutting; trimming or gathering of branches.
12:4 Wrote 2 letters in 1 shot, w/ ink, earth, resin, paint or anything that leaves a mark, liable. On flesh, liable.
13:1 Sages: weaving of 2 threads on Shabat is liable quantity whether it’s at the beginning or the end of the weaving.
13:3 Tears in rage, mourning or to destroy, exempt (but prohibited). Destroying to build is liable, same as building.
13:4 Amount wool liable if whitening, combing, dying, spinning: 2x m’lo hasit (space from splayed thumb to forefinger).
13:6 Deer enters house, locked it in, liable. If 2 people lock it in, exempt. If need both to lock it in, both liable.
14:1 Traps or wounds any of 8 creeping animals, mentioned in Torah, liable; any others, not, unless for some purpose.
14:3 Can’t consume anything purely medicinal on Shabat, but can consume for healing purposes any normal food or drink.
15:1 Knots that are liable if tie them on Shabbat: camel-driver’s knot & sailor’s knot. Also liable if untie them.
16:1 If there is a fire on Shabat, can save: sacred writings; scroll w/ case; tfilin w/ case, even w/ money in it.
16:3 Can save from fire basket w/ loaves (even for 100 meals), pressed figs, cask of wine. Others save for him & settle.
16:5 R’ Shimon b Nanas: can place goat-skin over chest or closet on fire; stop spread w/ barrier of vessels w/ water.
16:6 If gentile wants to put out fire on Shabat, don’t say “put out” or “don’t put out” – not responsible for his rest.
16:8 If a gentile lit a candle on Shabat, a Jew can benefit from it, unless the gentile lit it purposely for the Jew.
17:2 On Shabbat can use hammer to crack nuts, hatchet to chop dried figs, saw to cut cheese, spade to sweep dried figs.
17:4 R’ Yosi: All utensils can be moved Shabat for their use & not for their use, except large saw & plowshare’s blade.
17:7 R’ Eliezer: can block window w/ shutter if fastened & hanging on window, but not if loose. Sages: fine either way.
17:8 R’ Yosi: lids of cisterns can be moved only if have handles, all other vessels can move lid w/ or w/o handles.
18:2 R’ Yehuda: Woman can pull along her child, but only if he can walk a bit. If drags feet, prohibited to pull him.
19:1 R’ Akiva: Melaha that could have been done before Shabat doesn’t override Shabat if needed (i.e. for a Brit Mila).
19:3 Can bath an infant on Shabat before & after its brit mila. R’ Elazar b Azarya: only on the 3rd day after the brit.
19:5 Don’t circumcise child born at dusk on 8th day if falls on Shabat or Holiday. If will be ill, wait until recovers.
20:1 Sages: Can’t put wine sediment into strainer & suspend it over a vessel on Shabat, but can do so during a festival.
20:3 Can’t sift straw in sieve or put in high place so chaff will blow off. Can put straw in sieve & then put in manger.
20:5 Can release clothing press of individual on Shabat, but not tighten it. If belongs to launderer can’t touch at all.
21:2 If there is a coin on a pillow on Shabat one can shake the pillow so that the coin will fall off.
22:1 R’ Yehuda: Juice that leaks out of fruits meant for eating, permitted; but if from fruit meant for beverages, no.
22:4 Fell into water, walk w/ wet garb w/o worry that drying it. At home, can spread it out in sun, but not in public.
22:5 Bathed in cave, used towel to dry self, can’t carry in hand (lest squeeze water out). Washed face, hands, feet, ok.
23:1 Can borrow jars of wine or oil from friend, but don’t say “lend to me.” Same w/ woman borrowing loaves from friend.
23:3 On Shabat can’t hire or tell other to hire worker. Can’t wait at boundary for Shabat to end to hire or get produce.
23:5 Don’t close eyes of corpse on Shabat, or on weekday if still expiring. Closed eyes of dying person like shed blood.
24:3 Don’t stuff or force feed camel, calves, but can put food in their mouths. Can pour water into bran for chickens.