Halacha Yomi

Halacha Yomi Tweets

started 16 Kislev 5777 (Dec. 16, 2016). OC=Orach Chayim

OC 90:1 Don’t pray standing on bed, chair, sofa or high place unless old, sick or cantor.
OC 90:4 Should have openings or windows open and facing Jerusalem when pray. Good to have 12 windows in synagogue.
OC 90:6 One shouldn’t pray in a ruined building, because of fear, collapses and harmful entities.
OC 90:9 Should always pray in synagogue, but if can’t make it, should pray at same time.
OC 90:14 A man should rise early to pray in synagogue, so that he may be counted amongst the first ten to arrive.
OC 90:16 If travelling & stop at city but there is a minyan (synagogue) 4 miles ahead or 1 mile behind, need to go to minyan.
OC 90:18 A study hall (bet midrash) is more sacred than a synagogue (bet kneset) & greater mitzva to pray in the study hall.
OC 90:23 Don’t pray in front of brightly painted clothes or wall. If can’t be avoided, avert eyes.
OC 90:26 Laws of prayer like Shma. Can’t pray by feces, urine, putrid smell, corpse or nudity.
OC 91:1-2 The heart needs to be covered during prayer & there needs to be a separation between upper & lower body (belt).
OC 91:3 Should cover head when saying God’s name and shouldn’t enter synagogue with head uncovered.
OC 92:1 Considered disgusting to start to pray if need to use bathroom. Important to determine before prayer if need to use.
OC 92:4 Need to wash hands before prayer. If travelling, and remembered, has to go back as much as a mile to wash hands.
OC 92:7 Can’t touch covered skin, especially sweaty areas, during prayer or Torah study, or pick nose or ears.
OC 92:9 It is good to give charity before praying.
OC 93:2 Should pray with awe & submission. Not from laughter & frivolity, nor worthless matters, but from happiness.
OC 94:1 Out of Israel, pray facing Israel; in Israel, face Jerusalem; in Jerusalem, face Temple, in Temple, face Holy of Holies
OC 94:4 While traveling, can pray in direction of travel, even if not facing Jerusalem, and can even remain seated.
OC 94:7 A person among non-Jews who is worried they will interrupt him, may pray sitting down.
OC 95:2 In prayer should incline head slightly, eyes down, imagine that standing in The Temple & heart focused on Heaven above.
OC 96:1-2 One should not hold anything in his hands during prayer except for the prayer book.
OC 97:1 Shouldn’t burp or yawn during prayer. If yawn involuntarily, must cover mouth.
OC 98:1 Focus on words when pray. If careful speaking in front of a king, even more so in front of King of Kings.
OC 98:4 Prayer is in place of sacrifices. Need to focus like with sacrifices, which become invalidated with foreign thoughts.
OC 98:5 Shouldn’t think that God will answer request because focused on prayers, but rather that God will fulfill out of mercy.
OC 99:3 If one is drunk he must wait until he feels that the drunkenness has passed before he can pray.
OC 101:2 Should not pray only in heart. Lips should form the words you say quietly. But make sure voice doesn’t disturb others.
OC 102:1 Can’t stand within 4 cubits of someone praying unless you’re also praying. Some say if you’re learning Torah, it’s ok.
OC 102:4 Can’t walk within 4 cubits in front of someone that is praying, but okay to pass by their side.
OC 104:1 Don’t interrupt your prayer. If a Jewish king greets you, don’t respond. Non-Jewish king, respond if no other choice.
OC 104:3 A (non-dangerous) snake is wrapped around ankle, don’t stop prayer. For a scorpion, do stop, as more likely to hurt.
OC 104:7 Don’t interrupt your (amida) prayer for Kadish or Kedusha; remain silent, focus on Hazan’s words & as if answered.
OC 106:1 Exempt from Shma, exempt prayer. Obligated in Shma, obligated in prayer. If at funeral, obligated Shma, exempt prayer.
OC 106:2 Women are exempt from Shma but obligated in prayer, because it is a positive command not bound by time.
OC 108:1 If involuntarily missed one of the prayers, should say a 2nd (amida) prayer at the following scheduled prayer.
OC 108:2 Missed afternoon prayer, recites the amida prayer 2x during the nighttime prayer. 1st for the night, 2nd to make up.
OC 108:5 Can only make up previous prayer, not 2 previous. Can say added voluntary prayer, but doesn’t fulfill that obligation.
OC 108:9 Erred & missed weekday prayer of Friday afternoon, says amida prayer of Sabbath 2x on Friday night.
OC 109:1 Crowd in the middle of prayer, if can catch up before Kedusha or Kadish, start. If not, wait and then start after.
OC 109:2 Started prayer with Hazan’s repitition, make sure to say Kedusha, blessings of Kadosh, Shomea Tfila & Modim together.
OC 110:4 Traveler must says Wayfarer’s Prayer. Uses plural form. Better to stop if can, but if riding don’t have to.
OC 110:5 Only need to say Wayfarer’s Prayer once a day, even if making several planned journeys that day.
OC 110:8 When enter Study Hall pray: May God protect me from erring in the Law…When leave pray: Thanks that my portion is here.
OC 111:3 Only reached Shma, Hazan at Amida, say Shma & then continue with Amida. Redemption should be followed by Prayer.
OC 113:1 During the Amida prayer we bow down 4 times: at the beginning & end of: the 1st blessing (Avot) & of Modim blessing.
OC 113:5 Should not bow more than level of mouth reaching height of belt. If old or sick & hurts to bow, enough to tilt head.
OC 113:9 In 1st blessing, don’t add to listed traits of God (great, mighty, awesome, supreme…), but in pleas or requests, can.
OC 114:1 In 2nd blessing we state: “He makes the wind blow & the rain descend.” from last day of Sukot until 1st day of Pesach.
OC 114:4 If mistakenly said “He makes the wind blow…” in the summer months, has to return to beginning of blessing & repeat.
OC 114:8 If unsure that said “He makes the wind blow…”, 1st 30 days assume didn’t say it. After 30 days assume did say it.
OC 115:1 Between man & animals is discernment, brains. Theme of 1st middle blessing, because without discernment can’t pray.
OC 117:2 Individuals or even entire countries (outside of Israel) can’t ask for rain in blessing of Years during summer months.
OC 119:1 Can add personal request in relevant blessing: i.e. health, income. Or any request in blessing of “Hears our prayers.”
OC 119:2 Some say that if adding a blessing for an individual, shouldn’t make the blessing overly long.
OC 121:2 Whoever says during the blessing of “Thanks” (Modim), “Modim, Modim,” we shut him up, (i.e. can’t repeat the word).
OC 122:1 Finished 18 blessings of Amida & said “Yiheyu Leratzon” phrase, can answer Kadish & Kedusha, but not before.
OC 122:3 Merits & receives “face of God” if used to saying: “Do for Your Name, right hand, Torah, Holiness.” (Aseh Lemaan).
OC 123:3 When end Amida, take 3 steps back, starting with left foot. Step should be at least toe behind heel (but not more).
OC 124:1 After personal Amida, Chazan repeats it for unlettered. Must listen closely to entire Amida without speaking.
OC 124:4 Must answer “Amen” to blessings of Hazan repeating Amida. If at least 9 don’t answer Amen then blessings are in vain.
OC 124:7 Don’t speak during repetition of Amida. Whoever speaks, sins, and his sin will be more than he will be able to bear.
OC 124:10 If forgot to add “Ya’ale Veyavo” prayer in Amida, focus on entire Amida repetition of Hazan as if personally praying.
OC 124:12 Whoever answers “Amen” should make sure not to respond louder than the person making the blessing.
OC 126:2 Hazan that erred in repeat of Amida & doesn’t know to return to where should, replaced, & new Hazan continues.
OC 127:1 When the Hazan reaches the blessing of Modim (“Thanks”), the congregation recites Modim Derabanan (“Rabbi’s Thanks”).
OC 128:2 A Kohen who can, but doesn’t go up to bless the congregation when called, violates 3 positive commandments.
OC 128:6 Levites pour water on the hands of the Kohens before they ascend to bless the congregation.
OC 128:7 Kohen that recited blessing of Netilat Yadayim in the morning, doesn’t repeat when washes for Kohen blessing of Amida.
OC 128:12 Kohens when bless congregation stretch out hands, palms face down, separate fingers, make 5 spaces between 2 hands.
OC 128:14 Blessing of the Kohens (Birkat Kohanim) can only be done in Hebrew, standing, with outstretched palms & a loud voice.
OC 128:16 Kohens, after blessing, can’t turn, curl fingers or move until Hazan starts blessing of “Sim Shalom” (Peace).
OC 128:20 If Hazan is a Kohen, shouldn’t do Birkat Kohanim unless sure can continue Amida prayer without getting confused.
OC 128:23 During Birkat Kohanim should have eyes down, facing Kohens. Don’t look at hands of the Kohens (but don’t turn away).
OC 128:25 Synagogue w/ only 10 Kohens & nobody else, all do Birkat Kohanim. Who are they blessing? Their brothers in the field.
OC 128:30 Kohen w/ visible deformity or blemish can’t do Birkat Kohanim, unless well known by community & doesn’t bother them.
OC 128:33 If Kohen doesn’t know how to enunciate letters, pronounces Alef as Ayin or Ayin as Alef, shouldn’t do Birkat Kohanim.
OC 128:35 Kohen who killed, even unintentionally & even repented, can’t do Birkat Kohanim. Ram”a (Ashkenazim): Can if repented.
OC 128:38 Kohen who drank a Reviit (~3 oz.) of wine can’t do Birkat Kohanim until the effects of the wine have passed.
OC 128:40 Kohen married divorcee can’t do Birkat Kohanim or get 1st Aliyah, even if divorced her, unless swears off from it.
OC 128:43 During 7 days of mourning for immediate family member, Kohen doesn’t do Birkat Kohanim. Exits synagogue at that time.
OC 130:1 Person had a dream & doesn’t know what he saw, he should come hear Kohens during Birkat Kohanim & say Dream Prayer.
OC 131:1 Nefilat Apaim (falling of face) Prayer after Amida: rest forehead on left arm, unless wearing Tefilin on that arm.
OC 131:4 Don’t say Nefilat Apayim: in house of mourning or groom; if there is a Brit Mila or a groom present in the synagogue.
OC 131:8 A great man can’t do Nefilat Apayim in public, unless he is certain that he will be answered like Yehoshua bin Nun.
OC 132:2 Don’t leave synagogue before Kadish of Uva Lezion. Ram”a (Ashkenazim): Can’t leave before end entire prayer service.
OC 134:2 Days when Torah is read lift & show text of Torah to entire congregation. Turn it around so all men & women can see.
OC 135:3 A Kohen is 1st to be called up for an Aliyah for the reading of the Torah, followed by a Levi 2nd & Yisrael 3rd.
OC 135:6 If there isn’t a Kohen in the synagogue to call up to the Torah an Yisrael is called. A Levi shouldn’t then go 2nd.
OC 135:9 A Levi shouldn’t be called up to the Torah after another Levi, lest people say that one of them is blemished.
OC 135:14 A Sefer Torah is not brought to prisoners so they can hear the Torah reading, even for Rosh Hashana & Yom Kippur.
OC 136:1 For the Torah reading of Shabat & holidays, we give the 3rd Aliya to a Torah Scholar who is appointed over the public.
OC 137:3 If skipped reading a verse of the Torah on Shabat, need to return & read it, even if after put the Torah away.
OC 138:1 Ram”a: Should always attempt to start the Torah reading with a good matter & end the Torah reading with a good matter.
OC 139:3 Prohibited to read even one letter from the Torah that is not from the writing in front (i.e. can’t do by heart).
OC 139:5 Between each Aliyah the Torah is covered w/ a cloth. Ram”a: in our countries, we roll it closed between each Aliyah.
OC 139:10 Closing blessing for Aliya: “Who gave us the Torah of truth” = Written Torah, “& everlasting life.” = Oral Torah.
OC 139:11 When reading from the Torah scroll, needs to hold onto the Torah when reciting the blessing.
OC 141:2 Should hear only 1 voice reading the Torah. Called for the Aliyah, should read quietly to himself along w/ the Reader.
OC 141:5 Congregation can’t say Amen until blessing complete. Reader can’t read Torah until congregation finished saying Amen.
OC 141:7 Go up for Aliyah by shortest path & descend from other path that longer. If same length, go up on right, down left.
OC 142:1 If the reader erred in the pronunciation of even one letter, we force him to go back and read it again properly.
OC 143:4 If found error in the text of the Torah during reading, take different Torah & read from place that found the error.
OC 144:1 When read the Prophets in synagogue we can skip from 1 section to another, but when read the Torah, we don’t skip.
OC 144:3 Don’t roll the Torah scroll in front of the congregation (must prepare it before); honor them (so don’t have to wait).
OC 145:3 Today we no longer translate the Torah to Aramaic while reading it, as Aramaic is no longer understood.
OC 146:2 During reading of the Torah, prohibited to talk, even words of Torah. Some allow quietly learning Torah at that time.
OC 147:1 Forbidden to hold a “naked” Torah scroll, i.e. w/o a kerchief. Customary to sell honor of rolling & covering of Torah.
OC 147:4 One who raises the Torah scroll (Gelila), the writing faces away from him. Ram”a: For us, writing faces lifter.
OC 147:7 Person who reads the Haftara (from Prophets after Torah reading) must wait until the Torah has been rolled closed.
OC 150:1 Residents of a city can force one another to build a synagogue, to buy a Torah scroll & scroll of Prophets & Writings.
OC 150:5 Synagogue entry must face Ark & direction congregation prays. Ram”a: table for reading Torah in middle, so all hear.
OC 151:1 In synagogue or house of study: no levity, joking, gossip, eating, drinking, financial calculations, or walking about.
OC 151:4 For the needs of the synagogue, it’s permitted to eat or sleep inside. Reason some sleep there night of Yom Kipur.
OC 151:8 If have mud on shoes, appropriate to clean it off before enter synagogue. Shouldn’t have any dirt on clothing either.
OC 151:10 A synagogue retains holiness even after destruction & must be treated with respect. People should try to rebuild it.
OC 152:1 A synagogue can’t be demolished until its replacement has been built. If structure bad, demolish & build new one fast.
OC 153:3 If raised money to build a synagogue or a study hall can only change use of money to something of greater holiness.
OC 153:6 A synagogue & other holy items, even a Torah, can be sold in order to support Torah scholars or to marry off orphans.
OC 153:9 If people of a village sell synagogue, buyer can use property as wishes except as bathhouse, tannery or toilet.
OC 153:13 Money raised for building a synagogue, even if already bought material, can be used to redeem captives.
OC 153:15 Can’t prohibit anyone from his part of the synagogue or of the books, & if he does, it’s meaningless.
OC 153:20 A Torah scroll that is established to be of the ancestors of a certain person, the community can’t take hold of it.
OC 154:1 Houses or courtyards that are used occasionally for prayer (not regularly) don’t have any holiness attached to them.
OC 154:3 Items that service holy objects must be put in Geniza: case for scroll/Torah/mezuza; tfilin straps; ark curtain.
OC 154:5 A Torah scroll that has worn out is placed in a clay utensil & buried in the grave of a Torah scholar.
OC 154:8 The Ark of the Torah & other articles used for the Torah, can be used for other things if condition made beforehand.
OC 154:11 Wax candles of idolaters that were extinguished & given or sold to Jews are prohibited to be lit in the synagogue.
OC 155:1 After synagogue, go to study hall, set fixed time to learn & don’t move it, even if think will gain much $ if does.
OC 156:1 After Torah study, go work. Any Torah study w/o work will be nullified & cause sin. But work shouldn’t be primary.
OC 158:1 When eats bread that bless Hamotzi must wash hands, even if doesn’t know them to be impure & says Al Netilat Yadaim.
OC 158:5 If wash hands (that aren’t dirty) to eat fruit, considered arrogant. Same for grilled meat & dishes cooked from wheat.
OC 158:9 Be careful to wash hands for bread. Those who disparage it merit exclusion, come to poverty & are uprooted from world.
OC 158:12 Must dry hands well after washing & before eating bread, for whoever eats w/o drying is as if eating impure bread.
OC 159:1 Washing hands for bread must be done w/ utensil that holds at least Reviit of water. If utensil has orifice, invalid.
OC 159:5 A utensil that can’t contain liquid without fingers covering holes can still be used for washing hands.
OC 159:8 Netilat Yadaim: Put hands in utensil w/ water connected to the ground, doesn’t work; disconnected, some say, maybe.
OC 159:11 All are eligible to pour water on hands for Netilat Yadaim: deaf, fool, minor, idol-worshiper & menstruating woman.
OC 159:13 When performing Netilat Yadayim, must have intention that the washing of hands is in preparation for eating.
OC 159:17 When doing Netilat Yadaim by river, don’t scoop with 1 hand and pour over other, as it’s neither Netila or immersion.
OC 159:18 Did Netilat Yadaim by pouring water over 1 hand & immersing 2nd hand (in proper place), hands are ritually pure.
OC 160:1 Water: appearance changed: on its own, or something fell in, or due to location; disqualified for Netilat Yadaim.
OC 160:4 Water that chickens drank from or that dogs lapped. Some say can’t use for Netilat Yadaim, but not correct. Can use.
OC 160:9 Salty, smelly or bitter water that dog wouldn’t drink from, can’t use for Netilat Yadaim, even though good for Mikva.
OC 160:11 Water that used for Netilat Yadaim & unclear if was previously used, or if sufficient, or if impure; hands are pure.
OC 160:14 Netilat Yadaim utensil must hold > Reviit (~3 oz.) in 1 place. If washed 2x w/ utensil w/ 1/2 that volume, no good.
OC 161:1 Netilat Yadaim: Can’t have anything between skin & water: dirt or dough under fingernails, on skin, dried mud, etc.
OC 161:4 Netilat Yadaim water must be poured on hand until wrist. Some say until joint of fingers to palm. Follow 1st opinion.
OC 162:5 Can wash 2 hands @ same time (someone else pours). Many hands together, next to, or on top can be washed. Like 1 hand.
OC 162:8 If pour Reviit water in 1 shot on hand, hand pure & avoids pitfalls of pouring < Reviit where hands remain impure.
OC 162:10 Has wound w/bandage on hand, do Netilat Yadaim on uncovered areas, or pour > Reviit of water over entire hand.
OC 163:2 If feeding others, don’t need Netilat Yadaim, but if being fed, do need, even if not touching bread w/ hands.
OC 165:1 Used toilet & wants to eat bread, wash 2x. If washed x1, say Asher Yatzar, then dry hands while say Netilat Yadaim.
OC 167:2 Blessing on bread: Hamotzi Lechem Min Haaretz (Who takes out bread from the ground). Pause between words Lechem & Min.
OC 167:4 Place 10 fingers on bread when bless “Hamotzi.” 10 fingers = 10 Mitzvot dependent on bread; 10 words in blessing, etc.
OC 167:7 Ruben washing hands, Jacob said Hamotzi in mind for Ruben, if then Ruben dries hands & says Netilat Yadaim, still ok.
OC 167:11 2 or > sitting together, 1 says Hamotzi for all. Only if eating meal together. If didn’t establish meal together, no.
OC 167:15 The one saying Hamotzi eats before the others, unless have their own bread in front of them. On Shabat need 2 loaves.
OC 167:18 Botzea, who blessed the bread, gives in front of each person, but doesn’t put in their hand. Mourners get in hand.
OC 167:19 Not eating bread: can’t say Hamotzi for someone else. For children can say Hamotzi to teach them, even if not eating.
OC 168:2 Has 2 whole loaves of same type, blesses over the larger one. Has 2 halves & no whole, attaches them so seem whole.
OC 168:6 “Pat Haba B’chisnin” say bracha of Mezonot & Al Hamechiya after. If eat meal-worth say Hamotzi & Birkat Hamazon after.
OC 168:9 If eating less than a Kazayit (< “olive” worth) of bread, still needs to say Hamotzi, but no blessing afterwards.
OC 168:11 Some say that breadcrumbs placed in water that cause the water to whiten, only say Mezonot, & Al Hamechia afterwards.
OC 168:16 Dough baked on skewer, glazed with oil or egg, or dough not baked in oven but in the sun, recite blessing of Mezonot.
OC 169:1 Whatever is being served that has a good smell & man desires needs to be given from it to the one serving immediately.
OC 170:1 Don’t talk while eating, lest food go down the windpipe instead of esophagus. Can’t even say “Bless you” for sneeze.
OC 170:5 A guest who enters a house, must follow all the instructions of the host.
OC 170:8 Shouldn’t finish cup in one gulp (glutton), 2 gulps is proper, 3 gulps is arrogant (but truly depends on size of cup).
OC 170:9 Shouldn’t eat garlic or onions from their head, but rather from their leaves, and if did eat, considered a glutton.
OC 170:12 Two that eat together at the table, the senior one takes food first & whoever takes before the senior is a glutton.
OC 170:16 One shouldn’t drink from the cup and then offer it to his companion, for fear of danger to life.
OC 170:20 “Clean of mind” wouldn’t go to meal until knew who else will sit w/ them. Bad for scholar to share meal w/ ignoramus.
OC 171:1 Careful handling bread, not to do anything that will ruin it. Don’t throw bread or any other food that can be ruined.
OC 171:4 Wine poured through tubes in front of a groom & bride if utensil receives at end. Can throw nuts for them in summer.
OC 172:2 If put food in mouth & forgot to bless: if not gross, remove, bless, eat; if gross, keep on side of mouth, bless, eat.
OC 173:2 Between eating meat & fish must wash hands as dangerous otherwise. Rabbis: no longer so, but eat & drink between them.
OC 174:1 Wine drunk during a meal requires separate blessing of “Bore Pri Hagafen.” Blessing of “Hamotzi” doesn’t cover wine.
OC 174:4 Drank wine before meal, doesn’t need to bless again during meal. Wine of Kidush exempts blessing on wine during meal.
OC 175:1 Different wine was served during the meal, don’t say Boreh Pri Hagafen rather bless Hatov Vehametiv (Good & benefits).
OC 175:4 Hatov Vehametiv is only recited if someone else is present, as it means ‘good’ for reciter & ‘benefit’ to listener.
OC 176:1 Blessed on bread, exempts Parperet (breadcrumbs bound by soup or honey). Blessed on Parperet, doesn’t exempt bread.
OC 177:2 Historically used to clear bread from meal & eat dessert, needed blessing before & after dessert. Today doesn’t apply.
OC 177:4 Even if the fruits (dessert) weren’t in front of him when he blessed the bread, they still don’t need a new blessing.
OC 178:4 Person ate bread in one place, then went and ate in second place, only need to say Birkat Hamazon in second place.
OC 178:7 Person fell asleep during a meal, not considered an interruption, doesn’t have to bless Hamotzi again when wakes up.
OC 179:1 If finished the meal and washed hands (Mayim Acharonim), can’t eat or drink anything else until says Birkat Hamazon.
OC 179:5 Invited to host’s house to eat various fruit, they bring out 1 after other, only need to say Bore Pri Haetz on 1st.
OC 180:2 If doesn’t leave bread on table until after Birkat Hamazon will never see blessings, but shouldn’t bring whole loaf.
OC 180:5 Custom to cover knife during Birkat Hamazon, but also custom not to cover knife for Shabat or Yom Tov Birkat Hamazon.
OC 181:1-2 Mayim Acharonim (washing fingers after meal) is mandatory. Must be over utensil, not ground, because of evil spirit.
OC 181:4-5 Only need to wash until second knuckle. Need to incline fingers downwards so that the contamination can go down.