Daf Yomi Highlights – Sanhedrin

#Sanhedrin  —   Sanhedrin Tweets  PDF (2 pages)
2: The term “Edah” means 10 men. Know from story of spies. 10 of the 12 spies that gave bad report called Edah Raah.
3: Shmuel: 2 judges judged a monetary case, their verdict stands, but they’re called a Bet Din Hatzuf (impudent court).
4: Debate: follow how spell or how read biblical text? H-L-V can be Helev (fat) or Halav (milk). Follow reading Halav.
5: Can’t teach Halacha without permission of your Rabbi. Can’t teach Halacha within 3 Parsaot of your Rabbi.
6: If there’s Justice, there’s no Peace. If there’s Peace, there’s no Justice. Justice that brings Peace is Compromise.
7: When our love was strong, we could have slept on bed of sword-width. Now love not strong, even huge bed not enough.
8: God brings good through the meritorious (like Zlofhad’s girls) & bad things through the undeserving (wood-gatherer).
9: R’ Akiva: Accessory to sin gets same punishment as sinner. Even more so, accessory to Mitzva gets full reward.
10: Person is a relative w/ respect to self. Testify on self & other: split testimony, ignore on self, accept on other.
11: Year got additional 30 days for 3 reasons: pigeons too young, sheep too thin & season of Aviv (spring) not here yet.
12: Rabbis’ encryption: Eagle=Romans; Nahshon’s kids=Sages; Pillar=Add month; Edomite=Roman governor; Aaron’s death=Av.
13: Semicha (ordination) of sages done by 3 judges. Doesn’t have to be by laying hands. Called “Rabbi” & can give fines.
14: Roman decree, kill any who give or get Semicha & surrounding area. R’ Yehuda b Bava gave to 5 between 2 mountains.
15: Resh Lakish: Dangerous animals killed only if killed person. R’ Yochanan: We kill them even if they didn’t kill yet.
16: Harp hung over David’s bed. At midnight, north wind blew on it, made music. David woke up & learned Torah ’til dawn.
17: Eldad & Medad didn’t think worthy to be Elders. God: you thought you’re smaller than others, I’ll make you greater.
18: Israel in desert: 600 judges of 1,000 people each, 6,000 of 100, 12,000 of 50, 60,000 of 10. Total: 78,600 judges.
19: Raise orphan, like parent: Batya named Moshe’s mother. Taught Torah, like parent: Moshe named father Aaron’s sons.
20: King Solomon, initially king over all beings & spirits; then only people; Israel; Jerusalem; bed; staff/cloak.
21: After Tamar story, Sages enacted decree of Yichud: man & woman (except spouse or parent) can’t be secluded together.
22: Matchmaking “difficult” for God as splitting of sea. But match announced 40 days before fetus made. 2nd vs 1st wife.
23: 1 side picks 1 judge, other side picks #2, 2 judges pick #3. Each 1 thinks his judge tried best & accepts verdict.
24: Can’t judge or testify: gamblers, lenders w/ interest, “pigeon runners,” and those who sell Sabbatical produce.
25: Gamblers become trustworthy by breaking the game items they play with, repent completely & not even play for free.
26: Ula: Worrying about finances makes one forget Torah. Rabah: If learn Torah for sake of Heaven, will never forget.
27: Man is punished for his brother’s sin. When could have intervened & didn’t. Shows all responsible for each other.
28: Groom’s & bride’s fathers can testify about each other. Not “related” for testimony, but “complete” each other.
29: If add unnecessary restriction, ruins what trying to protect. Adam added on God’s command re fruit. Caused downfall.
30: Jerusalem’s clear-minded judges: listen to plaintiffs, bring witnesses & listen to them, all leave, judges discuss.
31: Witnesses argue about the amount debtor owes. Bet Shamai: doesn’t pay anything. Bet Hillel: pays lesser amount.
32: 2 camels face each other to cross narrow way: laden or furthest from city goes 1st. If =, whoever waits gets paid.
33: No cows or pigs were allowed to leave Alexandria of Egypt unless their wombs were cut so they wouldn’t reproduce.
34: Tana d’vei R’ Yishmael: Just as a hammer breaks stone into many pieces, so too, 1 verse can have multiple meanings.
35: If Tzedaka not given to poor at night after fast, like spilling blood; where give bread & dates. If $ or grain, ok.
36: Pairs: wise leader & wise men: Pinhas/Shoftim, Shaul/Shmuel, David/Ira, Shlomo/Shimi, Hizkiya/Shevna, Ezra/Nehemia.
37: After Temple destroyed & Sanhedrin inactive, God arranges death penalties to happen in alternative but related ways.
38: Adam: dust, formed, limbs, spirit in him, stood, named animals, Eve made, 2 kids, fruit warning, sin, judged, exile.
39: Emperor: if God is w/ every Minyan how many Gods? R’ Gamliel: Sun enters everywhere, even more so God everywhere.
40: Destroy $ of sinners of idolatrous city. Idolater always stoned, never beheaded. False witnesses don’t get warning.
41: Raban Yochanan Ben Zakai lived for 120 years. He worked for 40 years, learned for 40 years and taught for 40 years.
42: If only had 1 Mitzva to greet God’s presence 1/month (Kidush Levana), enough. Abaye: Therefore we say it standing.
43: To be executed, claims can clear self, return to court, good reason or not. 3rd time & on, only return w/ reason.
44: Angel brazen w/ God. Has 3 names: Piskin, conclusive; Itmon, covers Israel’s sin; Sigron, last pleas for Israel.
45: Executed, buried w/ device. Stoned: w/ stone & wood that hung body after. Decapitated: w/ sword. Choked: w/ cloth.
46: Death sentence: Wait until almost sunset, give verdict, kill, hang body, immediately take body down & then bury it.
47: Disgrace not to bury dead ASAP, unless for his honor, gather eulogizers, bring women to wail, bring coffin, shrouds.
48: R’ Yehuda: better to be cursed (w/o reason), than to curse. All curses David uttered came back on his descendants.
49: If not for David’s Torah study, Yoav wouldn’t win battles. If not for Yoav fighting, David couldn’t study Torah.
50: Debate severity 4 deaths. Koheness adultery burn; blaspheme/idolatry, stone; idol city, behead; wound parent, choke.
51: R’ Eliezer: Single man has relations w/ single girl, not for marriage, she becomes a Zonah (& can’t marry a Kohen).
52: 2 streams of fire exited Holy of Holies, split into 4, 2 entered Nadav’s nostrils, 2 Avihu’s nostrils, burned them.
53: Kidushin (marriage) isn’t binding (even if they do a ceremony), if the relationship is forbidden (Chayavei Lavin).
54: Bestiality: human & animal stoned. Animal accessory to sin, & cause of person’s death shouldn’t be walking around.
55: Blasphemer not liable death penalty until pronounces God’s Name. In court, use God’s alias until final testimony.
56: 7 Noahide laws: Court system; blasphemy; idolatry; illicit relations; murder; theft; eating limb of live animal.
57: “Whoever spills the blood of man in man, his blood will be spilled.” Talking about embryo. If kill embryo, murder.
58: Resh Lakish: Person who raises hand to strike someone, even if hasn’t hit him, is already called ‘a wicked person’.
59: R’ Yehuda: Adam prohibited from eating meat. However, after the flood, the sons of Noah were permitted to eat meat.
60: Idol worship for which stoned: its particular worship; sacrifices; incense; libations; bowing; declares his God.
61: Worshiped idol ‘cuz of love or fear of a person (didn’t accept idol’s divinity): Abaye: guilty idolater. Rava: not.
62: Shabat Stringency: 2 Melahot done at once, liable for each. Stringency of other Mitzvot: liable for inadvertent sin.
63: Don’t partner w/ idolater. He may have to swear to Jewish partner & does so w/ idolatry’s name. Not allowed to hear.
64: Sages fasted 3 days, lion of fire (idolatry inclination) came from Temple. Captured it, put in lead pot, lead cover.
65: Baal Ov raises the dead who talk from under their armpit. Yidoni places bone in mouth & dead talk through bone.
66: Desecrated Shabat by something that is punishable by Karet if on purpose, & sacrifice if accident, stoned if warned.
67: The only capital sin that we entrap someone is enticer to idolatry. 2 hide while get enticer to repeat enticement.
68: How was R’ Eliezer allowed to do magic? Should be stoned. Wasn’t learning to do; learning to understand & instruct.
69: Men of blood, deceit, won’t live 1/2 of days. Won’t reach 35yrs, 1/2 normal lifespan. Doeg died @ 34, Ahitofel @ 33.
70: Adam’s forbidden fruit: R’ Meir: vine – brings pain; R’ Yehuda: wheat – brings wisdom; R’ Nehemia: fig – covers him.
71: Death, scattering, drunkenness & sleep, good for evildoers & for world. Gathering & peace, bad for them & world.
72: How can Torah execute Ben Sorer Umoreh for minor infractions? Knows will end as violent criminal; kill him before.
73: Bystander can kill to prevent murder or rape. Can’t kill to prevent bestiality, Shabat transgression or idolatry.
74: Will be killed if doesn’t sin: sin & don’t die; except for idolatry, illicit relations & murder, die & don’t sin.
75: Man was enamored of a woman until became deathly ill. Doctors prescribed intercourse. Sages: forbidden, let him die.
76: Peace @ home: love wife as much as self, honor her more than self, lead kids on straight path, marry them off young.
77: Rava & R’ Zeira: tied barrel over man, suffocated; uncovered roof, froze; 1 says liable, other says exempt of murder.
78: Threw stone at wall, bounced back (like a ball) & killed person, if purposeful, executed; if inadvertent, exiled.
79: Threw rock w/intent, strength to kill kid, killed man, exempt; w/ intent, strength to kill man, killed kid, liable.
80: Arrow seen shot from 1 of 2 men & killed man, both of them exempt; R’ Yosi: even if 1 righteous like Aba Chalafta.
81: Father violating Torah, don’t say: Dad, you’re violating Torah; say: Dad, it’s written so-and-so in the Torah.
82: Found Yehoyakim’s skull, buried it 2x, came up, wrapped in silk, put in trunk, wife found, thought 1st wife, burned.
83: Impure Kohen ate pure Truma (Kohen gift) liable to death from Heaven. Non-Kohen ate Truma, Rav says gets lashes.
84: Court chokes to death: wounds parent, kidnaps Jew, Rebel Elder, false prophet, adulterer, false witness of adultery.
85: Son only liable for death penalty of hitting parent if they bleed. Cursing more stringent, liable after death also.
86: Stam (anonymous) Mishna, R’ Meir; Tosefta, R’ Nehemia; Sifra, R’ Yehuda, Sifri, R’ Shimon; all students of R’ Akiva.
87: Shmuel: 2 who judged, verdict stands but considered brazen court. R’ Abahu: all agree verdict of 2 judges not valid.
88: Many Hillel & Shamai students didn’t serve their Rabbis enough, disagreements increased, Torah became like 2 Torahs.
89: Liar’s punishment: even when tells truth, not believed. Story of Satan dissuading Abraham from sacrificing Isaac.
90: Cleopatra: When dead arise, will be dressed? R’ Meir: Yes, wheat buried naked arises clothed; so too the righteous.
91: Egyptians: Torah testifies that Jews stole our gold. Gviha: Torah says you enslaved us 430 years, pay back wages.
92: Men of Ezekiel’s revived Dry Bones went to Israel, married, had kids. R’ Yehuda b Betera grandson, had their Tfilin.
93: Boaz gave Ruth 6 barley seeds: Hint @ 6 descendants x 6 blessings: David, Messiah, Daniel, Hananya, Mishael, Azaria.
94: Afraid & don’t know why, means Mazel (angel appointed over each person) saw something. Should jump 4 Amot from spot.
95: Story: David & Avishai vs Yishbi bro of Goliath, & their mom, Orpa. God’s name vs magic. Prisoner can’t save self.
96: Fate of some enemies of Israel: Naaman & Nevuzaradan converted; Sisera & Haman descendants taught Torah to many.
97: R’ Tvut moved to town of people who didn’t lie or die. Neighbor asked for wife, he lied & said not home. Kids died.
98: Messiah sits by gate w/ other poor Metzoras. They untie & retie bandages in 1 shot. Messiah does it 1 at a time.
99: If learn Torah & don’t review, like planting & not harvesting. Learns & forgets, like giving birth & then burying.
100: God will bring gems 30×30 amot. Student didn’t believe, saw in sea, admitted. R’ Yohanan killed student w/ look.
101: All the education that King Hezekiah invested in his son Menashe was ineffective. Only tribulations helped.
102: Navot’s spirit mislead Ahav, lead to Ahav’s ruin, was in turn banished. He who takes vengeance destroys own house.
103: Four groups of people will not merit to see the Divine Presence: Scoffers, Liars, Flatterer & Gossipers.
104: If Yonatan b Saul had given David bread, then no asking from Nov, no killing by Saul, no death for Saul & 3 sons.
105: Always do Torah & Mitzvot, even if not for sake of Heaven; doing it not for sake, will lead to doing it for sake.
106: 3 in Pharaoh’s counsel vs Jews: Bilaam, said to drown boys, killed; Iyov, was quiet, suffered; Yitro, ran, blessed.
107: David to God: Why do we say God of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob, but not of David? God: I tested them. Test me. Failed.
108: Dove: God, I prefer my food be bitter as olive branch, but from your hand, rather than sweet as honey but from man.
109: Stories of Eliezer, Abraham’s servant, outsmarting the men of Sodom, by turning their sadistic laws against them.
110: “A smart woman builds her house,” Ohn b Pelet’s wife, saved him; “foolish by their hand destroy it.” Korah’s wife.
111: Abraham, Isaac & Jacob didn’t complain that God’s promises not being fulfilled. Moses complains to God at start.
112: Possessions of the righteous in an idolatrous city destroyed w/ city; the possessions caused them to live there.
113: Ahab asked how Joshua’s curse fulfilled (for rebuilt Jericho) but Moses’ not (no rain for idolatry). Rain stopped.
End Tractate Sanhedrin